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Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 1949170, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1949170
Research Article

Inertial Sensor-Based Motion Analysis of Lower Limbs for Rehabilitation Treatments

1School of Mechanical & Automative Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
2The Second People’s Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
3Shenzhen Institute of Geriatrics, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
4School of Mechanical Engineering, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, Guangxi, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Chunbao Wang; moc.361@gnawoabnuhc and Zhengzhi Wu; moc.361@100zzwzs

Received 2 March 2017; Accepted 9 May 2017; Published 5 July 2017

Academic Editor: Chengzhi Hu

Copyright © 2017 Tongyang Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The hemiplegic rehabilitation state diagnosing performed by therapists can be biased due to their subjective experience, which may deteriorate the rehabilitation effect. In order to improve this situation, a quantitative evaluation is proposed. Though many motion analysis systems are available, they are too complicated for practical application by therapists. In this paper, a method for detecting the motion of human lower limbs including all degrees of freedom (DOFs) via the inertial sensors is proposed, which permits analyzing the patient’s motion ability. This method is applicable to arbitrary walking directions and tracks of persons under study, and its results are unbiased, as compared to therapist qualitative estimations. Using the simplified mathematical model of a human body, the rotation angles for each lower limb joint are calculated from the input signals acquired by the inertial sensors. Finally, the rotation angle versus joint displacement curves are constructed, and the estimated values of joint motion angle and motion ability are obtained. The experimental verification of the proposed motion detection and analysis method was performed, which proved that it can efficiently detect the differences between motion behaviors of disabled and healthy persons and provide a reliable quantitative evaluation of the rehabilitation state.