Journal of Healthcare Engineering / 2017 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Combination of Deep Recurrent Neural Networks and Conditional Random Fields for Extracting Adverse Drug Reactions from User Reviews

Table 3

ADRs extracted from reviews for the drugs that treat high blood pressure.

GroupAdverse drug reactions

All authorsCough, coughing, dizziness, dizzy, headaches, dry cough, fatigue, tired, headache, weight gain, hair loss, nausea, anxiety, shortness of breath, tiredness, diarrhea, chest pain, depression, joint pain, rash, swelling, very tired, light headed, blurred vision
Gender group “female”Heart palpitations, hives, gagging, hot flashes, extremely tired, nightmares, chronic cough, cold hands and feet, panic attacks, exhausted, weight loss, blurry vision, heartburn, sleepy, persistent cough, severe headaches, stomach pain, numbness
Age group “45–64”Bloating, muscle aches, persistent cough, indigestion, stomach pain, post nasal drip, sick, lack of sleep, ringing in my ears, stomach pains, foot cramps, tightness in chest, falling out, severe coughing, faint, nagging cough, no energy
Age group “25–44”Short-term memory loss, slight weight gain, fast heartbeat, lost sex drive, cramp, unusual tiredness, bad dreams, numbness in my toes, pain in my side, dazed feeling, intense salt cravings, lip to swell, chronic headaches, throat and neck swelled

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.