Journal of Healthcare Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Rehabilitation of Upper Limb in Children with Acquired Brain Injury: A Preliminary Comparative Study

Table 3

Kinematic variables before (pre) and after (post) each treatment for the horizontal task. Data are presented as median (IQR). The sample size is for the CIMT, for the Armeo, and for the PT groups. values refer to the Wilcoxon test. Bold values: .

Horizontal task parametersPretreatmentPosttreatment value

CIMT ()
End-point metricsMTgo [s]3.42 (4.08)3.08 (2.62)0.25
HPRgo1.05 (0.64)1.11 (0.48)0.73
MVgo [mm/s]95.74 (60.63)111.72 (49.20)0.50
#VPtot28.67 (43.00)24.00 (19.00)0.16
Target error0 (0)0 (0)0.88
Joint kinematicsROM shoulder flex-ext [°]45.82 (5.35)47.57 (12.46)0.25
ROM shoulder abd-add [°]13.54 (2.49)19.32 (19.32)0.10
ROM elbow flex-ext [°]47.55 (21.26)44.37 (14.17)0.91
MAV shoulder flex-ext [°/s]3.92 (4.52)7.16 (5.95)<0.01
MAV shoulder abd-add [°/s]12.70 (7.95)14.19 (7.31)0.65
MAV elbow flex-ext [°/s]13.49 (6.21)18.12 (9.45)0.16
TrunkTrunk 3D path39.12 (21.06)34.29 (16.60)0.91
Z-TDgo90.11 (78.62)74.94 (42.20)0.65
Armeo ()
End-point metricsMTgo [s]2.41 (2.73)3.59 (2.10)0.50
HPRgo1.11 (0.26)1.12 (0.18)0.73
MVgo [mm/s]122.18 (73.32)114.65 (39.97)0.43
#VPtot25.67 (17.33)30.00 (20.72)0.91
Target error3.14 (14.44)1.30 (3.91)0.36
Joint kinematicsROM shoulder flex-ext [°]45.52 (9.59)45.00 (15.86)0.01
ROM shoulder abd-add [°]13.61 (7.40)16.13 (4.72)0.20
ROM elbow flex-ext [°]31.52 (14.30)27.27 (16.73)0.65
MAV shoulder flex-ext [°/s]6.68 (6.59)6.03 (8.17)0.72
MAV shoulder abd-add [°/s]15.42 (9.90)13.37 (4.77)0.16
MAV elbow flex-ext [°/s]14.44 (9.91)9.63 (9.44)0.73
TrunkTrunk 3D path352.52 (195.01)443.60 (189.82)0.73
Z-TDgo136.16 (44.51)158.63 (54.40)1.00
PT ()
End-point metricsMTgo [s]3.44 (2.38)2.61 (2.73)0.08
HPRgo1.08 (0.47)1.02 (0.03)0.03
MVgo [mm/s]103.36 (53.40)147.31 (61.05)0.04
#VPtot31.17 (19.50)18.50 (9.25)0.02
Target error0.10 (0.26)0.67 (0.53)0.31
Joint kinematicsROM shoulder flex-ext [°]44.95 (17.62)43.23 (8.31)0.97
ROM shoulder abd-add [°]17.73 (8.68)12.82 (14.56)0.42
ROM elbow flex-ext [°]41.45 (19.07)39.57 (28.90)0.57
MAV shoulder flex-ext [°/s]5.88 (8.31)5.42 (3.57)0.52
MAV shoulder abd-add [°/s]11.68 (3.76)16.72 (14.28)0.11
MAV elbow flex-ext [°/s]12.82 (8.81)13.85 (7.39)0.42
TrunkTrunk 3D path313.42 (186.79)300.32 (182.32)0.18
Z-TDgo90.01 (102.48)108.07 (91.19)0.85