Journal of Healthcare Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Rehabilitation of Upper Limb in Children with Acquired Brain Injury: A Preliminary Comparative Study

Table 4

Kinematics variables before (pre) and after (post) each treatment for the vertical task. Data are presented as median (IQR). The sample size is for the CIMT, for the Armeo, and for the PT groups. values refer to Wilcoxon test. Bold values: .

Vertical task parametersPretreatmentPosttreatment value

CIMT ()
End-point metricsHPRgo1.10 (0.89)1.09 (0.61)0.09
Y-FD [mm]757.14 (84.78)686.79 (81.75)0.30
MVgo [mm/s]150.57 (47.00)209.59 (76.55)0.65
#VPtot48.00 (18.67)42.67 (39.00)0.34
Joint kinematicsROM shoulder flex-ext [°]116.56 (22.72)106.45 (38.87)0.15
ROM shoulder abd-add [°]126.69 (15.41)126.20 (35.95)1.00
ROM elbow flex-ext [°]56.61 (11.46)62.26 (18.99)0.31
MAV shoulder flex-ext [°/s]22.43 (16.58)25.06 (26.00)0.84
MAV shoulder abd-add [°/s]18.74 (13.24)19.66 (8.48)0.46
MAV elbow flex-ext [°/s]15.59 (8.19)18.50 (6.62)0.74
TrunkTrunk 3D path477.38 (103.88)386.72 (157.66)0.20
X-TDgo58.35 (25.96)49.77 (18.30)0.05
Armeo ()
End-point metricsHPRgo1.43 (0.39)1.26 (0.14)0.08
Y-FD [mm]618.80 (160.00)615.27 (217.03)0.84
MVgo [mm/s]125.76 (107.67)152.51 (66.25)1.00
#VPtot46.46 (26.83)35.67 (32.83)0.31
Joint kinematicsROM shoulder flex-ext [°]66.93 (34.99)69.95 (41.34)0.55
ROM shoulder abd-add [°]54.39 (48.41)56.59 (24.32)0.31
ROM elbow flex-ext [°]38.32 (11.65)35.09 (10.73)0.64
MAV shoulder flex-ext [°/s]13.96 (16.62)9.56 (9.38)0.15
MAV shoulder abd-add [°/s]13.85 (10.24)14.05 (8.53)0.46
MAV elbow flex-ext [°/s]8.78 (6.28)10.49 (5.33)0.74
TrunkTrunk 3D path351.34 (58.49)303.72 (130.18)0.46
X-TDgo46.51 (25.83)52.57 (11.13)0.55
PT ()
End-point metricsHPRgo1.15 (0.49)1.12 (0.48)0.20
Y-FD [mm]669.71 (58.56)764.82 (138.49)0.02
MVgo [mm/s]185.59 (106.09)194.79 (41.96)0.52
#VPtot56.00 (42.33)36.00 (32.42)0.97
Joint kinematicsROM shoulder flex-ext [°]95.13 (36.11)99.75 (16.26)0.32
ROM shoulder abd-add [°]103.43 (67.88)121.15 (18.94)0.05
ROM elbow flex-ext [°]57.71 (23.32)62.54 (15.12)0.43
MAV shoulder flex-ext [°/s]26.50 (20.66)22.46 (13.69)0.40
MAV shoulder abd-add [°/s]18.99 (14.07)18.21 (10.20)0.58
MAV elbow flex-ext [°/s]16.36 (4.14)18.98 (5.86)0.03
TrunkTrunk 3D path347.89 (155.03)348.67 (180.99)0.17
X-TDgo49.77 (8.77)66.22 (24.72)0.10