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Developmental Immunology
Volume 1 (1990), Issue 1, Pages 41-51

Phenotypic Characterization of Chicken Bursal Stromal Elements

1Department of Pathology and Immunology, Monash Medical School, Commercial Road, Prahran, Victoria 3181, Australia
2Department of Pathology and Immunology, Monash University Medical School, Prahran, Victoria 3181, Australia

Received 18 January 1990

Copyright © 1990 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Many, if not all, of the different phases of intrabursal B-cell maturation are controlled by the stromal components. We have used an extensive panel of mAb to provide a detailed phenotypic profile of these cells. Antigenic specificities were defined for the entire surface epithelium, interfollicular surface epithelium, follicle-associated epithelium, basement membrane, basement membrane-associated epithelium. Several mAb were specific for the medulla, including those reactive with the stellate network of epithelial cells, isolated macrophages, and granular, apparently secreted antigens. One of these, MUI-92, appears to be bursa-specific. Two mAb reacted strongly with stellate cortical macrophages, one of which weakly stained similar cells in the medulla. MHC-class II antigens were expressed on endothelium of the corticomedullary junction, macrophagelike cells in the cortex, and medulla and B lymphocytes predominantly in the cortex. Collectively, these mAb have demonstrated the antigenically distinct nature of discrete regions in the bursa, but also the continuity of the surface epithelium with the corticomedullary junction and medulla. They represent excellent reagents for defining the stromal cell contribution to B-cell development.