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Developmental Immunology
Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 119-125
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1044667031000137593

Altered Affinity Maturation in Primary Response to (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl) Acetyl (NP) after Autologous Reconstitution of Irradiated C57BL/6 Mice

Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Institut de Biologie et de Médecine Moléculaires, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, 12 rue des Profs Jeener et Brachet, Gosselies 6041, Belgium

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Immune responses developing in irradiated environment are profoundly altered. The memory anti-arsonate response of A/J mice is dominated by a major clonotype encoded by a single gene segment combination called CRIA. In irradiated and autoreconstituted A/J mice, the level of anti-ARS antibodies upon secondary immunization is normal but devoid of CRIA antibodies. The affinity maturation process and the somatic mutation frequency are reduced. Isotype switching and development of germinal centers (GC) are delayed.

The primary antibody response of C57BL/6 mice to the hapten (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl) acetyl (NP)-Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH) is dominated by antibodies encoded by a family of closely related VH genes associated with the expression of the λ1 light chain.We investigated the anti-NP primary response in irradiated and autoreconstituted C57BL/6 mice. We observed some splenic alterations as previously described in the irradiated A/J model. Germinal center reaction is delayed although the extrafollicular foci appearance is unchanged. Irradiated C57BL/6 mice are able to mount a primary anti-NP response dominated by λ1 positive antibodies but fail to produce high affinity NP-binding IgGl antibodies. Following a second antigenic challenge, irradiated mice develop enlarged GC and foci. Furthermore, higher affinity NP-binding IgG1 antibodies are detected.