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Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 13, Issue 2-4, Pages 289-294
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17402520600668706

Serum Reactivity Against Bacterial Pyruvate Dehydrogenase: Increasing the Specificity of Anti-Mitochondrial Antibodies for the Diagnosis of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

1Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Kanagawa 213-8507, Japan
2Department of Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo 173-8605, Japan
3Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, San Pauro School of Medicine, University of Milan, Milan 359-8513, Italy
4Second Department of Internal Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan
5Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California at Davis, School of Medicine, Davis, CA, USA

Copyright © 2006 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Hiroshi Miyakawa, Atsushi Tanaka, Carlo Selmi, et al., “Serum Reactivity Against Bacterial Pyruvate Dehydrogenase: Increasing the Specificity of Anti-Mitochondrial Antibodies for the Diagnosis of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis,” Clinical and Developmental Immunology, vol. 13, no. 2-4, pp. 289-294, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1080/17402520600668706.