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Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 2011, Article ID 281569, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/281569
Review Article

Diverse Roles of Inhibitor of Differentiation 2 in Adaptive Immunity

Division of Molecular Immunology, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia

Received 18 September 2010; Accepted 15 January 2011

Academic Editor: Stuart Berzins

Copyright © 2011 Lucille Rankin and Gabrielle T. Belz. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcription factor inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2) has been implicated as a regulator of hematopoiesis and embryonic development. While its role in early lymphopoiesis has been well characterized, new roles in adaptive immune responses have recently been uncovered opening exciting new directions for investigation. In the innate immune system, Id2 is required for the development of mature natural killer (NK) cells, lymphoid tissue-inducer (LTi) cells, and the recently identified interleukin (IL)-22 secreting nonconventional innate lymphocytes found in the gut. In addition, Id2 has been implicated in the development of specific dendritic cell (DC) subsets, decisions determining the formation of αβ and γδ T-cell development, NK T-cell behaviour, and in the maintenance of effector and memory CD8+ T cells in peripheral tissues. Here, we review the current understanding of the role of Id2 in lymphopoiesis and in the development of the adaptive immune response required for maintaining immune homeostasis and immune protection.