Journal of Immunology Research / 2012 / Article / Fig 4

Review Article

The Suckling Rat as a Model for Immunonutrition Studies in Early Life

Figure 4

Images showing dam and offspring handling. (a) Milk from dams is collected by using elastic tubing connected to a gentle suction. (b) Animal identification by labeling the animals with a marker pen on the skin. (c) Oral gavaging in newborns younger than 5 days with ophthalmic 23-gauge gavage tubes and a short-volume syringe. (d) Example of noninvasive sampling (feces) from a neonatal rat.

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