Table 4: Comparison between HIV-AC with high§ and low CD4+ T-cell count.

VariablesCD4+ high§ ( )CD4+ low ( ) value

Age; mean (range)25.5 (19~45)25 (22~48)0.018*
Gender: male; (%)31 (97)23 (98)1.0
CD4+ count (/μL); median (range)618 (356~1466)201 (13~349)<0.001*
QFT-positive; (%)10 (31)3 (12.5)0.12
TBGL-IgG positive; (%)16 (50)16 (67)0.27
TBGL-IgA positive; (%)5 (16)11 (46)0.018*
TBGL-IgG+ IgA positive; (%)5 (16)7 (29)0.32
IFN-γ-nc (IU/mL) 0.9
TBGL-IgG (U/mL) 0.59
TBGL-IgA (U/mL) 0.048*
Serum IgG (mg/dL) 0.5
Serum IgA (mg/dL) <0.001*
OPN (ng/mL) 0.19
Leptin (ng/mL) 0.5

Abbreviation: HIV-AC, newly diagnosed cases of asymptomatic human immune-deficiency virus infection; OPN: osteopontin.
§High: CD4+ T cell count ≥350/μL; low: CD4+ T-cell count <350/μL; mean±SD; IFN-γ-nc: levels of IFN-γ, measured in the non-stimulated QFT-plasma samples; values for statistical differences between QFT-positive and QTF-negative groups; *significant differences ( ).