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Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 2012, Article ID 715190, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/715190
Review Article

Immunopathological Roles of Cytokines, Chemokines, Signaling Molecules, and Pattern-Recognition Receptors in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, Hong Kong
2Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Selayang, Lebuhraya Selayang-Kepong, 68100 Batu Caves, Malaysia
3Department of Chemical Pathology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, Hong Kong

Received 12 July 2011; Accepted 11 October 2011

Academic Editor: Philip Alex

Copyright © 2012 Shui-Lian Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Shui-Lian Yu, Woon-Pang Kuan, Chun-Kwok Wong, Edmund K. Li, and Lai-Shan Tam, “Immunopathological Roles of Cytokines, Chemokines, Signaling Molecules, and Pattern-Recognition Receptors in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus,” Clinical and Developmental Immunology, vol. 2012, Article ID 715190, 14 pages, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/715190.