Figure 2: DXM impaired the release of cytokines and chemokines from LPS-stimulated BMDCs. Immature BMDCs were stimulated with 100 ng/mL LPS with or without DXM. The control group was treated with PBS alone. Culture supernatants were collected after 18 h (4 h for TNF-alpha and RANTES), and cytokines and chemokines were quantified by ELISA. Data are presented as the means ± SD of samples from three wells. Significant differences between DXM-treated and untreated LPS-activated BMDCs are shown with asterisks ( , ). All data are representative of three independent experiments.