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Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 2013, Article ID 236081, 5 pages
Research Article

Infection and Coinfection of Human Rhinovirus C in Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

1Università degli studi dell’Insubria, Via Ravasi 2, 21100 Varese, Italy
2University of Pavia, Corso Strada Nuova 65, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy
4Fondazione IRCCS San Matteo Hospital, Viale Camillo Golgi 19, 21100 Pavia, Italy

Received 31 July 2012; Accepted 30 January 2013

Academic Editor: Rossana Cavallo

Copyright © 2013 Filippo Canducci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In 54 adult stem cell transplant recipients, the presence and persistence of human rhinoviruses (including the novel lineage C) were evaluated by molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis, independently from respiratory symptoms. In the same group of patients, the presence of other coinfecting respiratory pathogens, including the novel enterovirus 109, was also evaluated.