Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 2013, Article ID 586076, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/586076
Review Article

Neonatal Sepsis due to Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci

1Child and Family Research Institute, 4th Floor, Translational Research Building, 950 West 28th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 4H4
2Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1ZA
3Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1ZA
4Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK

Received 12 March 2013; Revised 27 April 2013; Accepted 27 April 2013

Academic Editor: Robert Bortolussi

Copyright © 2013 Elizabeth A. Marchant et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [70 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Gail E Reynolds, Sarah B Tierney, and Jonathan M Klein, “Antibiotics Before Removal of Percutaneously Inserted Central Venous Catheters Reduces Clinical Sepsis in Premature Infants.,” The journal of pediatric pharmacology and therapeutics : JPPT : the official journal of PPAG, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 203–9, . View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Paulo Nelson-Filho, Izabela Gonçalves Borba, Késsia Suênia Fidelis de Mesquita, Raquel Assed Bezerra Silva, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, and Léa Assed Bezerra Silva, “Dynamics of microbial colonization of the oral cavity in newborns,” Brazilian Dental Journal, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 415–419, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sara Romano-Bertrand, Anne Filleron, Renaud Mesnage, Anne Lotthe, Marie Noelle Didelot, Lydie Burgel, Estelle Jumas Bilak, Gilles Cambonie, and Sylvie Parer, “Staphylococcus aureus in a neonatal care center: methicillin-susceptible strains should be a main concern,” Antimicrobial Resistance And Infection Control, vol. 3, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ying Dong, and Christian P. Speer, “The role of Staphylococcus epidermidis in neonatal sepsis: Guarding angel or pathogenic devil?,” International Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 304, no. 5-6, pp. 513–520, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Vennila Ponnusamy, Vidheya Venkatesh, and Paul Clarke, “Skin antisepsis in the neonate: what should we use?,” Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 244–250, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Vennila Ponnusamy, Vidheya Venkatesh, and Paul Clarke, “Skin antisepsis in the neonate,” Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 244–250, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • James L. Wynn, Jan A. Hazelzet, Thomas P. Shanley, Hector R. Wong, and Derek S. Wheelervol. 3, pp. 453–479, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jingru Meng, Gonghao He, Hui Wang, Min Jia, Xue Ma, Fei Da, Ning Wang, Zheng Hou, Xiaoyan Xue, Mingkai Li, Ying Zhou, and Xiaoxing Luo, “Reversion of antibiotic resistance by inhibiting mecA in clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococci by antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotide,” The Journal of Antibiotics, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ari Yunanto, Rizky Taufan Firdaus, Triawanti Triawanti, and Eko Suhartono, “Salivary Antioxidative Index in Newborns at Risk of Sepsis as Novel Parameter for Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis,” Journal of Medical and Bioengineering, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63–66, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain, Stephanie Leroux, Wei Zhao, John N. van den Anker, and Mike Sharland, “How to use vancomycin optimally in neonates: remaining questions,” Expert Review Of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 635–648, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • René Oswaldo Pérez, Juan Carlos Lona, Moisés Quiles, Miguel Ángel Verdugo, Elba Patricia Ascencio, and Edith Adriana Benítez, “Early neonatal sepsis, incidence and associated risk factors in a public hospital in western Mexico,” Revista Chilena de Infectologia, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 387–392, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Juan Carlos Lona Reyes, Miguel Angel Verdugo Robles, Rene Oswaldo Perez Ramirez, J. Jesus Perez Molina, Elba Patricia Ascencio Esparza, and Edith Adriana Benitez Vazquez, “Etiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns in early and late neonatal sepsis in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit,” Archivos Argentinos De Pediatria, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 317–323, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Stephanie Trend, Emma de Jong, Megan L. Lloyd, Chooi Heen Kok, Peter Richmond, Dorota A. Doherty, Karen Simmer, Foteini Kakulas, Tobias Strunk, and Andrew Currie, “Leukocyte Populations in Human Preterm and Term Breast Milk Identified by Multicolour Flow Cytometry,” Plos One, vol. 10, no. 8, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David J. Roach, Joshua N. Burton, Choli Lee, Bethany Stackhouse, Susan M. Butler-Wu, Brad T. Cookson, Jay Shendure, and Stephen J. Salipante, “A Year of Infection in the Intensive Care Unit: Prospective Whole Genome Sequencing of Bacterial Clinical Isolates Reveals Cryptic Transmissions and Novel Microbiota,” PLoS Genetics, vol. 11, no. 7, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alexander G. Shaw, Kathleen Sim, Paul Randell, Michael J. Cox, Zoe E. McClure, Ming-Shi Li, Hugo Donaldson, Paul R. Langford, William O. C. M. Cookson, Miriam F. Moffatt, and J. Simon Kroll, “Late-Onset Bloodstream Infection and Perturbed Maturation of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota in Premature Infants,” Plos One, vol. 10, no. 7, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nicola Principi, Michela Caironi, Francesca Venturini, Luca Pani, and Susanna Esposito, “Daptomycin in paediatrics: current knowledge and the need for future research,” Journal Of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 643–648, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • S.M. Ranchhod, K.C. Gunn, T.M. Fowke, J.O. Davidson, C.A. Lear, J. Bai, L. Bennet, C. Mallard, A.J. Gunn, and J.M. Dean, “Potential neuroprotective strategies for perinatal infection and inflammation,” International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Luiza Pinheiro, Carla Ivo Brito, Valéria Cataneli Pereira, Adilson Oliveira, Ariane Rocha Bartolomeu, Carlos Henrique Camargo, and Maria Lourdes Ribeiro Souza Cunha, “ Susceptibility Profile of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus haemolyticus Isolated from Blood Cultures to Vancomycin and Novel Antimicrobial Drugs over a Period of 12 Years ,” Microbial Drug Resistance, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • A. Zea-Vera, and T. J. Ochoa, “Challenges in the diagnosis and management of neonatal sepsis,” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • S. Leroux, W. Zhao, P. Betremieux, P. Pladys, E. Saliba, and E. Jacqz-Aigrain, “Therapeutic guidelines for prescribing antibiotics in neonates should be evidence-based: a French national survey,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 394–398, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yannick Aujard, “Infections bactériennes néonatales spécifiques,” Infections néonatales, pp. 107–126, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli, Lêni Márcia Anchieta, Ana Carolina Bueno e Silva, Lenize Adriana de Jesus, Viviane Rosado, and Wanessa Trindade Clemente, “Empirical antimicrobial therapy for late‐onset sepsis in a neonatal unit with high prevalence of coagulase‐negative Staphylococcus,” Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português), vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 472–478, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • F Olivier, V Bertelle, P S Shah, C Drolet, and B Piedboeuf, “Association between birth route and late-onset sepsis in very preterm neonates,” Journal of Perinatology, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • V. Ramos-Martín, M. N. Neely, P. McGowan, S. Siner, K. Padmore, M. Peak, M. W. Beresford, M. A. Turner, S. Paulus, and W. W. Hope, “Population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of teicoplanin in neonates: making better use of C-reactive protein to deliver individualized therapy,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, pp. dkw295, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Priyanka Sheshnath Prasad, Gita Nataraj, Ruchi Nimish Nanavati, and Preeti Rajeev Mehta, “Changing Trends In Bacterial Spectrum Of Neonatal Sepsis At A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital - 2011 To 2015,” Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, vol. 5, no. 65, pp. 4628–4633, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Hamideh Mehri, Roghaye Jahanbakhsh, Fatemeh Shakeri, Abdollah Ardebili, Naser Behnampour, Behnaz Khodabakhshi, and Ezzat Allah Ghaemi, “Investigation of Glycopeptide Susceptibility of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci (CoNS) from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Gorgan, Northern Iran,” Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, vol. InPress, no. InPress, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sandra L. Smith, and Laura Serke, “Case Report of Sepsis in Neonates Fed Expressed Mother's Milk,” Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli, Lêni Márcia Anchieta, Ana Carolina Bueno e Silva, Lenize Adriana de Jesus, Viviane Rosado, and Wanessa Trindade Clemente, “Empirical antimicrobial therapy for late-onset sepsis in a neonatal unit with high prevalence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus,” Jornal de Pediatria, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Bernard Kan, Hamid Reza Razzaghian, and Pascal M. Lavoie, “An Immunological Perspective on Neonatal Sepsis,” Trends in Molecular Medicine, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Melese Abate Reta, and Tamrat Abebe Zeleke, “Neonatal bacterial meningitis in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia: a 10-year retrospective review,” SpringerPlus, vol. 5, no. 1, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Catarina Cardoso de Almeida, Susana Maria Saraiva Pissarra da Silva, Filipa Silveira Dias Flor de Lima Caldas de Oliveira, and Maria Hercília Ferreira Guimarães Pereira Areias, “Nosocomial sepsis: evaluation of the efficacy of preventive measures in a level-III neonatal intensive care unit,” The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, pp. 1–6, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Dmitriy V. Dubodelov, Anastasia A. Safanovskaya, Alina R. Melkumyan, Tatiana V. Priputnevich, Oleg V. Ionov, Victor V. Zubkov, Elena N. Ilyina, Lyudmila A. Lyubasovskaya, Irina V. Nikitina, Maria A. Kornienko, Yu.V. Rodchenko, and Alexey B. Gordeev, “Central venous catheter colonization in intensive care unit neonates: Risk factors and clinical significance,” Akusherstvo i Ginekologiya (Russian Federation), no. 12, pp. 114–120, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Yongmei Jiang, Linghan Kuang, Haijuan Wang, Lingping Li, Wei Zhou, and Mingyuan Li, “The Clinical Characteristics of Neonatal Sepsis Infection in Southwest China,” Internal Medicine, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 597–603, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Huda Saber, Azmiza Syawani Jasni, Tengku Zetty Maztura Tengku Jamaluddin, and Rosni Ibrahim, “A review of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) types in coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) species,” Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 7–18, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniel J.C. Berkhout, Hendrik J. Niemarkt, Martin Buijck, Mirjam M. van Weissenbruch, Paul Brinkman, Marc A. Benninga, Anton H. van Kaam, Boris W. Kramer, Peter Andriessen, Nanne K.H. de Boer, and Tim G.J. de Meij, “Detection of Sepsis in Preterm Infants by Fecal Volatile Organic Compounds Analysis,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. e47–e52, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Y. Aujard, “Infecciones neonatales bacterianas, micóticas y parasitarias,” EMC - Pediatría, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 1–23, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Viviane Rosado, Paulo A.M. Camargos, Lêni M. Anchieta, Maria C.F. Bouzada, Gabriela M. de Oliveira, Wanessa T. Clemente, and Roberta M. de C. Romanelli, “Risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections in a neonatal population – systematic review,” Jornal de Pediatria, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Christina W. Obiero, Anna C. Seale, Kelsey Jones, Moses Ngari, Charlotte L. Bendon, Susan Morpeth, Shebe Mohammed, Neema Mturi, Greg Fegan, and James A. Berkley, “Should first-line empiric treatment strategies cover coagulase-negative staphylococcal infections in severely malnourished or HIV-infected children in Kenya?,” Plos One, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. e0182354, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Gustaf Ehlersson, Bengt Hellmark, Olov Svartström, Bianca Stenmark, and Bo Söderquist, “ Phenotypic characterisation of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from blood cultures in newborn infants, with a special focus on Staphylococcus capitis ,” Acta Paediatrica, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Miguel A. Zarate, Michelle D. Rodriguez, Eileen I. Chang, Jordan T. Russell, Thomas J. Arndt, Elaine M. Richards, Beronica A. Ocasio, Eva Aranda, Elizabeth M. Gordon, Kevin Yu, Josef Neu, Maureen Keller-Wood, Eric W. Triplett, and Charles E. Wood, “Post-hypoxia Invasion of the fetal brain by multidrug resistant Staphylococcus,” Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • S Fill Malfertheiner, S. Wendt, F. Layer, M. Weigl, B. Seelbach-Göbel, W. König, and B. König, “Prevalence, clonality, and pathogenicity of Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates in newborn feces,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Andi L Shane, Pablo J Sánchez, and Barbara J Stoll, “Neonatal sepsis,” The Lancet, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • A. Girardi, S. Galletti, E. Raschi, A. Koci, E. Poluzzi, G. Faldella, and F. De Ponti, “Pattern of drug use among preterm neonates: results from an Italian neonatal intensive care unit,” Italian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 43, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Tobias R. Kollmann, Beate Kampmann, Sarkis K. Mazmanian, Arnaud Marchant, and Ofer Levy, “Protecting the Newborn and Young Infant from Infectious Diseases: Lessons from Immune Ontogeny,” Immunity, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 350–363, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kurt R. Schibler, “Physiology and Abnormalities of Leukocytes in Newborns,” Neonatology, pp. 1–24, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Majeda S. Hammoud, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Sameer Y. Al-Abdi, Hussain Bozaid, Anwar Khan, Laila M. AlMuhairi, and Moghis Ur Rehman, “Late-onset neonatal sepsis in Arab states in the Gulf region: two-year prospective study,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 55, pp. 125–130, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Huaifu Dong, Huiping Cao, and Haiyan Zheng, “Pathogenic bacteria distributions and drug resistance analysis in 96 cases of neonatal sepsis,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 17, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Li Qin, Fei Da, Emilie L. Fisher, Daniel C. S. Tan, Thuan H. Nguyen, Chih-Lung Fu, Vee Y. Tan, Joshua W. McCausland, Daniel E. Sturdevant, Hwang-Soo Joo, Shu Y. Queck, Gordon Y. C. Cheung, and Michael Otto, “Toxin Mediates Sepsis Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis,” PLOS Pathogens, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. e1006153, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sahar Eldirdiri, Jennifer Lee, Ann Jack, Alison Wright, Alison Findlay, and Gabby Phillips, “Outbreak of gentamicin-resistant, meticillin-susceptible Staphlococcus aureus on a neonatal unit,” Journal of Hospital Infection, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Anna C. Seale, Christina W. Obiero, Kelsey D. Jones, Hellen C. Barsosio, Johnstone Thitiri, Moses Ngari, Susan Morpeth, Shebe Mohammed, Gregory Fegan, Neema Mturi, and James A. Berkley, “Should First-line Empiric Treatment Strategies for Neonates Cover Coagulase-negative Staphylococcal Infections in Kenya?,” The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1073–1078, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sarah B. Doernberg, Jose M. Munita, Sara E. Cosgrove, Cesar A. Arias, Helen W. Boucher, Franklin D. Lowy, Barbara Murray, Loren G. Miller, Thomas L. Holland, Thomas P. Lodise, Joshua T. Thaden, and G. Ralph Corey, “Gram-positive bacterial infections: Research priorities, accomplishments, and future directions of the Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 64, pp. S24–S29, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Tobias R. Kollmann, and Arnaud Marchant, “Host Defense Mechanisms Against Bacteria,” Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, pp. 1163–1171.e2, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jean-Paul Langhendries, “Antibiotiques en néonatologie : pour un usage plus rationnel,” Bases Scientifiques en Néonatologie, pp. 69–85, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Xinhua Yu, Yongfeng Jia, and Ying Wang, “Relationship between blood lactic acid, blood procalcitonin, C-reactive protein and neonatal sepsis and corresponding prognostic significance in sick children,” Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 2189–2193, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Vandana Sharma, Chandni Sharma, Sunita Chauhan, and Sandeep Kaur, “Effect of lactation age and storage on the antibacterial potency of human breast milk against neonatal pathogens,” Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1307–1314, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Martha J. Lane, Alma F. Roy, Michael T. Kearney, and Cherie M. Pucheu-Haston, “Characterization, distribution, antimicrobial resistance and resistance risk factors in staphylococci isolated from cats from 2001 to 2014,” Veterinary Medicine and Science, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Neta Berlak, Eilon Shany, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Ilana Azulay Chertok, Gil Goldinger, David Greenberg, and Rimma Melamed, “Late onset sepsis: comparison between coagulase-negative staphylococci and other bacteria in the neonatal intensive care unit,” Infectious Diseases, pp. 1–7, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Obiora Shedrach Ejiofor, Onyinye Mercy Ajunwa, Chijioke Elias Ezeudu, George Ogonna Emechebe, Kenneth Nchekwube Okeke, Christian Chukwuemeka Ifezulike, Ifeoma Mercy Ekejindu, Jude Nnaemeka Okoyeh, Eunice Ogonna Osuala, and Angus Nnamdi Oli, “The Bacteriology and Its Virulence Factors in Neonatal Infections: Threats to Child Survival Strategies,” Journal of Pathogens, vol. 2018, pp. 1–11, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mariana Albano, Bruno Pereira Crulhas, Fernanda Cristina Bérgamo Alves, Ana Flávia Marques Pereira, Bruna Fernanda Murbach Teles Andrade, Lidiane Nunes Barbosa, Alessandra Furlanetto, Luciana Pupo da Silveira Lyra, Vera Lúcia Mores Rall, and Ary Fernandes Júnior, “Antibacterial and anti-biofilm activities of cinnamaldehyde against S. epidermidis,” Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kurt R. Schibler, “Physiology and Abnormalities of Leukocytes in Newborns,” Neonatology, pp. 1523–1547, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Viviane Rosado, Paulo A.M. Camargos, Lêni M. Anchieta, Maria C.F. Bouzada, Gabriela M. de Oliveira, Wanessa T. Clemente, and Roberta M. de C. Romanelli, “Risk factors for central venous catheter‐related infections in a neonatal population – systematic review,” Jornal de Pediatria (Versão em Português), vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 3–14, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Fortress Yayra Aku, Patricia Akweongo, Kofi Nyarko, Samuel Sackey, Fredrick Wurapa, Edwin Andrew Afari, Donne Kofi Ameme, and Ernest Kenu, “Bacteriological profile and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of common isolates of neonatal sepsis, Ho Municipality, Ghana-2016,” Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology, vol. 4, no. 1, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Eleanor J. Molloy, Matthew McGovern, Lisa Flynn, and Sheena Coyne, “Does coagulase negative staphylococcal sepsis cause neurodevelopmental delay in preterm infants?,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mehmet Şah İpek, “Neonatal Bacterial Meningitis,” Neonatal Medicine [Working Title], 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alina Sobczak, Joanna Klepacka, Dalia Amrom, Iwona Żak, Piotr Kruczek, and Przemko Kwinta, “Umbilical catheters as vectors for generalized bacterial infection in premature infants regardless of antibiotic use,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mojca Groselj-Grenc, Metka Derganc, Andreja Natasa Kopitar, and Maja Pavcnik, “Neutrophil CD64 index in cerebrospinal fluid as a marker of bacterial ventriculitis in children with external ventricular drainage,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Muneeba Shafi Shah, Sabia Qureshi, Zahid Kashoo, Shaheen Farooq, Shakil Ahmad Wani, M. Ishfaqul hussain, M.S. Banday, Azmat Alam Khan, Bisma Gull, Aasim Habib, Shafqut Majeed Khan, and Bilal Ahmad Dar, “Methicillin resistance genes and In vitro biofilm formation among Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bovine mastitis in India,” Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Steven Kwasi Korang, Sanam Safi, Christian Gluud, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, and Janus C. Jakobsen, “Antibiotic regimens for neonatal sepsis - a protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis,” Systematic Reviews, vol. 8, no. 1, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Roberto Cabrera-Contreras, Rosa I. Santamaría, Patricia Bustos, Irma Martínez-Flores, Enrique Meléndez-Herrada, Rubén Morelos-Ramírez, Martín Barbosa-Amezcua, Vanessa González-Covarrubias, Eugenia Silva-Herzog, Xavier Soberón, and Víctor González, “ Genomic diversity of prevalent Staphylococcus epidermidis multidrug-resistant strains isolated from a Children’s Hospital in México City in an eight-years survey ,” PeerJ, vol. 7, pp. e8068, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Angie M. S. Tosson, Kirsten Glaser, Toni Weinhage, Dirk Foell, Mohamed S. Aboualam, Amira A. Edris, Mervat El Ansary, Sohilla Lotfy, and Christian P. Speer, “Evaluation of the S100 protein A12 as a biomarker of neonatal sepsis,” The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, pp. 1–7, 2019. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar