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Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 6830895, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6830895
Research Article

Immunity Status of Blood Donors Regarding Toxoplasma gondii Infection in a Low-Income District of Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa

1Immunology and Allergology Department, UFR Medical Sciences in Abidjan, Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
2National Blood Transfusion Center, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
3Medical and Technical Parasitology Department, Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Received 6 June 2016; Accepted 15 August 2016

Academic Editor: Kurt Blaser

Copyright © 2016 Liliane Siransy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Toxoplasmosis is a widespread cosmopolitan anthropozoonosis, which affects more than a third of the world population. Except the modes of transmission well known, Toxoplasma gondii can be transmitted during transplantation or blood transfusion. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of IgG and IgM Toxoplasma gondii and to estimate the potential risk by blood products. Methods. This is a cross-sectional study on the research for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies (IgG and IgM) blood donors performed by ELISA. Results. An overall seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among blood donors recruited was 67.92% (). Among these, 68 have Toxoplasma gondii IgG (64.15%), 12 Toxoplasma gondii IgM (11.32%), and 4 (3.77%) both. The risk varies between 8 for 100000 and 172 for 100000 donations. Conclusion. The need to strengthen security measures for people multitransfused, immunocompromised, and pregnant women to reduce the transmission of toxoplasmosis is important.