Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7893490, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7893490
Research Article

CD63 Promotes Hemocyte-Mediated Phagocytosis in the Clam, Paphia undulata

1Engineering Research Center of Marine Biological Resource Comprehensive Utilization, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005, China
2Department of Immunology and Pathogen Biology, Zunyi Medical College, Zhuhai Campus, Zhuhai 519041, China

Received 13 June 2016; Accepted 4 October 2016

Academic Editor: Yunhao Tan

Copyright © 2016 Mingjia Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Castro, B. Abós, L. González, C. Aquilino, J. Pignatelli, and C. Tafalla, “Molecular characterization of CD9 and CD63, two tetraspanin family members expressed in trout B lymphocytes,” Developmental & Comparative Immunology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 116–125, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. W. Modderman, Ed., Cluster Report: CD63, Leukocyte Typing IV, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1989.
  3. B. A. Rous, B. J. Reaves, G. Ihrke et al., “Role of adaptor complex AP-3 in targeting wild-type and mutated CD63 to lysosomes,” Molecular Biology of the Cell, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1071–1082, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. S. Pols and J. Klumperman, “Trafficking and function of the tetraspanin CD63,” Experimental Cell Research, vol. 315, no. 9, pp. 1584–1592, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Levy and T. Shoham, “The tetraspanin web modulates immune-signalling complexes,” Nature Reviews Immunology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 136–148, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Rubinstein, F. L. Naour, C. Lagaudrière-Gesbert, M. Billard, H. Conjeaud, and C. Boucheix, “CD9, CD63, CD81, and CD82 are components of a surface tetraspan network connected to HLA-DR and VLA integrins,” European Journal of Immunology, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2657–2665, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. Yoshida, Y. Kawano, K. Sato et al., “A CD63 mutant inhibits T-cell tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 entry by disrupting CXCR4 trafficking to the plasma membrane,” Traffic, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 540–558, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. B. Vogt, S. Spindeldreher, and H. Kropshofer, “Clustering of MHC-peptide complexes prior to their engagement in the immunological synapse: lipid raft and tetraspan microdomains,” Immunological Reviews, vol. 189, pp. 136–151, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Hotta, A. H. Ross, K. Huebner et al., “Molecular cloning and characterization of an antigen associated with early stages of melanoma tumor progression,” Cancer Research, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 2955–2962, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Duperthuy, P. Schmitt, E. Garzón et al., “Use of OmpU porins for attachment and invasion of Crassostrea gigas immune cells by the oyster pathogen Vibrio splendidus,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 108, no. 7, pp. 2993–2998, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Prashar and M. R. Terebiznik, “Legionella pneumophila: homeward bound away from the phagosome,” Current Opinion in Microbiology, vol. 23, pp. 86–93, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Asrat, D. A. de Jesús, A. D. Hempstead, V. Ramabhadran, and R. R. Isberg, “Bacterial pathogen manipulation of host membrane trafficking,” Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 79–109, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. Luo, S. Ye, T. Xu, X. Wu, and P. Yang, “Molecular characterization of a novel tetraspanin from the oyster, Crassostrea ariakensis: variation, localization and relationship to oyster host defense,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 294–304, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X. Wu, S. Xiao, X. Li, L. Li, W. Shi, and Z. Yu, “Evolution of the tRNA gene family in mitochondrial genomes of five Meretrix clams (Bivalvia, Veneridae),” Gene, vol. 533, no. 1, pp. 439–446, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Leethochavalit, K. Chalermwat, E. S. Upatham, K.-S. Choi, P. Sawangwong, and M. Kruatrachue, “Occurrence of Perkinsus sp. in undulated surf clams Paphia undulata from the Gulf of Thailand,” Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 165–171, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. X. Wu, J. Tan, M. Cai, and X. Liu, “Molecular cloning, characterization, and expression analysis of a heat shock protein (HSP) 70 gene from Paphia undulata,” Gene, vol. 543, no. 2, pp. 275–285, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Yu, Y. Zhang, X. Tang, J. Ren, and Y. Zhang, “The first mollusk spätzle homolog gene in the clam, Paphia undulate,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 712–716, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. J. Livak and T. D. Schmittgen, “Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2-CT method,” Methods, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 402–408, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  19. Y. Zhang, J. Li, F. Yu, X. He, and Z. Yu, “Allograft inflammatory factor-1 stimulates hemocyte immune activation by enhancing phagocytosis and expression of inflammatory cytokines in Crassostrea gigas,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1071–1077, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Gourgues, P.-H. Clergeot, C. Veneault et al., “A new class of tetraspanins in fungi,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 297, no. 5, pp. 1197–1204, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. E. Hemler, “Tetraspanin proteins mediate cellular penetration, invasion, and fusion events and define a novel type of membrane microdomain,” Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 397–422, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. S. Bonifacino and L. M. Traub, “Signals for sorting of transmembrane proteins to endosomes and lysosomes,” Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 395–447, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. Yoshida, H. Ebina, and Y. Koyanagi, “N-linked glycan-dependent interaction of CD63 with CXCR4 at the Golgi apparatus induces downregulation of CXCR4,” Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 629–635, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Helenius and M. Aebi, “Intracellular functions of N-linked glycans,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5512, pp. 2364–2369, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Seigneuret, A. Delaguillaumie, C. Lagaudrière-Gesbert, and H. Conjeaud, “Structure of the tetraspanin main extracellular domain: a partially conserved fold with a structurally variable domain insertion,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 276, no. 43, pp. 40055–40064, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Kitadokoro, D. Bordo, G. Galli et al., “CD81 extracellular domain 3D structure: insight into the tetraspanin superfamily structural motifs,” The EMBO Journal, vol. 20, no. 1-2, pp. 12–18, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. C. Lima, J. O. Harris, and M. Cook, “Exploring RNAi as a therapeutic strategy for controlling disease in aquaculture,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 729–743, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. U. Krueger, T. Bergauer, B. Kaufmann et al., “Insights into effective RNAi gained from large-scale siRNA validation screening,” Oligonucleotides, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 237–250, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. R. Mantegazza, M. M. Barrio, S. Moutel et al., “CD63 tetraspanin slows down cell migration and translocates to the endosomal-lysosomal-MIICs route after extracellular stimuli in human immature dendritic cells,” Blood, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 1183–1190, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. Janvier and J. S. Bonifacino, “Role of the endocytic machinery in the sorting of lysosome-associated membrane proteins,” Molecular Biology of the Cell, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 4231–4242, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. E. Rubinstein, F. L. Naour, C. Lagaudrière-Gesbert, M. Billard, H. Conjeaud, and C. Boucheix, “CD9, CD63, CD81, and CD82 are components of a surface tetraspan network connected to HLA-DR and VLA integrins,” European Journal of Immunology, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2657–2665, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. K. J. Radford, R. F. Thorne, and P. Hersey, “CD63 associates with transmembrane 4 superfamily members, CD9 and CD81, and with β1 integrins in human melanoma,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 222, no. 1, pp. 13–18, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus