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Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 4809294, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4809294
Research Article

An Exploration of the Impact of Anticentromere Antibody on Early-Stage Embryo

1Reproductive Medicine Center, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
2Reproductive Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yiping Zhong; moc.621@rotcodpyz and Canquan Zhou; moc.liamtoh@nauqnacuohz

Received 11 June 2017; Accepted 16 July 2017; Published 4 October 2017

Academic Editor: Jacek Tabarkiewicz

Copyright © 2017 Ying Ying et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Previously, we found women with positive anticentromere antibody showed impaired potential of oocyte maturation and embryo cleavage; the possible mechanism behind this phenomenon was still unknown. Objective. Thus, the present study aimed to preliminarily explore whether ACA could penetrate into the living embryos and impair their developmental potential via in vitro coculture with mouse embryos. Methods. Mouse embryos were collected and used for in vitro culture with polyclonal anticentromere protein A (CENP-A) antibody; then, immunofluorescence assay was performed to determine the penetration of antibody into embryos, and embryo development potential was observed. Results. All embryos cultured with anti-CENP-A antibody exhibited immunofluorescence on the nucleus, while none of the embryos from the control groups showed immunofluorescence. Additionally, embryos cultured with anti-CENP-A antibody experienced significant growth impairment compared with controls. Conclusion. Mouse embryos may be a direct target for ACA in vitro prior to implantation. However, the precise mechanism needs further clarification.