Table 1: Baseline characteristics of patients and lesions.

VariablesDCB-iRA lesions 
(n=68)
nDES-iRA lesions 
(n=98)
P value

Number of patients5469
Age (years)71±971±90.75
Male (%)38 (70.4)45 (65.2)0.57
Smoking (%)10 (18.5)20 (29.0)0.21
Diabetes (%)33 (61.1)39 (56.5)0.71
Hypertension (%)38 (70.4)53 (76.8)0.54
Hyperlipidemia (%)38 (70.4)43 (62.3)0.44
Chronic kidney disease (%)19 (35.2)28 (40.6)0.58
Hemodialysis patients (%)12 (22.2)19 (27.5)0.54
Previous MI (%)17 (31.5)20 (29.0)0.84
Previous CABG (%) 7 (13.0)6 (8.7)0.56
PAD (%)15 (27.8)21 (30.4)0.84
Target vessel, n (%)
  LMT2 (2.9)5 (5.1)0.001
  LAD38 (55.9)47 (48.0)
  RCA9 (13.2)35 (35.7)
  LCX19 (27.9)11 (11.2)
Lesion anatomy
 Type B2/C (%) 67 (98.6) 95 (96.9)0.62
 Ostial (%)19 (27.9)14 (14.3)0.047
 Bifurcation (%)46 (67.6)46 (47.9)0.016
 CTO (%)3 (4.4)11 (11.2)0.16
Quantitative angiography
 Reference diameter (mm)2.28±0.582.49±0.550.019
 Lesion length (mm)11.89±6.4118.78±7.91<0.001
 MLD
  Pre-intervention (mm)0.87±0.350.90±0.410.65
 Percent diameter stenosis
  Pre-intervention (%)60.9±12.564.5±16.30.12

CABG, coronary artery bypass graft surgery; CTO, chronic total occlusion; DCB, drug-coated balloon; LAD, left anterior descending artery; LMT, left main trunk; LCX, left circumflex artery; MI, myocardial infarction; MLD, minimun lumen diameter; nDES, new generation drug-eluting stents; PAD, peripheral artery diseases; RCA, right coronary artery; SD, standard deviation.