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Journal of Lipids
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 154672, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/154672
Research Article

Visceral Abdominal and Subfascial Femoral Adipose Tissue Have Opposite Associations with Liver Fat in Overweight and Obese Premenopausal Caucasian Women

Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, 1495-688 Cruz Quebrada, Portugal

Received 28 March 2011; Revised 28 June 2011; Accepted 26 July 2011

Academic Editor: Angeliki Chroni

Copyright © 2011 Paulo M. Rocha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Abdominal obesity has been associated with liver fat storage. However, the relationships between other body composition depots and metabolic syndrome features with hepatic fat are still unclear. We examined abdominal and thigh adipose tissue (AT) compartments associations with liver fat in 140 overweight and obese premenopausal Caucasian women. Blood lipids and, proinflammatory and atherothrombotic markers associations with hepatic fat were also analyzed. A larger visceral AT (VAT) was related with liver fat ( ). Contrarily, thigh subfascial AT was inversely related to liver fat ( ). Increased fasting insulin, triglycerides, PAI-1 concentrations, and a higher total-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio were also associated with hepatic fat, even after adjustment for VAT ( ). Thigh subfascial adiposity was inversely associated with liver fat, suggesting a potential preventive role against ectopic fat storage in overweight and obese women. These results reinforce the contribution of an abdominal obesity phenotype associated with a diabetogenic and atherothrombotic profile to liver lipotoxicity.