Table 5: Hepatic expression of genes related to lipid catabolism in mice fed control or the control supplemented with trans-10, cis-12-CLA (CLA). There were no significant interactions of treatment × time. Therefore, the results are presented according to main effects (treatment and time).

GeneTreatmentTimeSEM
ControlCLAWeek 2Week 6

Fatty acid oxidation and energy metabolism
Aacs−0.21−0.29−0.26−0.250.31
Acox1−0.22a0.13b−0.08−0.0030.14
Bdh1−0.20a0.13b0.06−0.120.12
Cpt1a−0.43−0.32−0.36−0.390.14
Insig1−0.790.35−0.23−0.200.45
Mlycd0.001−0.17−0.07−0.110.10
Pdk4−1.85a0.47b−0.81−0.570.50
Ucp2−0.31a0.15b−0.04−0.110.10
Hmgcs2−0.16a0.13b0.10a−0.13b0.11
Transcription regulation
Ppar α−0.33−0.19−0.23−0.300.12

a,bMeans within each main effect (treatment and time) with different superscripts differ ( 𝑃 0 . 0 5 ).
SEM: the largest standard error of the mean is shown.