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Journal of Materials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 287853, 8 pages
Research Article

Morphological and Cell Growth Assessment in Near Dense Hydroxyapatite Scaffold

1Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, 71 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 638075
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sir Frederick Mappin Building, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK

Received 27 November 2012; Revised 1 February 2013; Accepted 1 February 2013

Academic Editor: Amit Bandyopadhyay

Copyright © 2013 Florencia Edith Wiria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper reports the preliminary results on the morphology of low porosity hydroxyapatite scaffold and its compatibility as a substrate for osteoblast cells. Although having low porosity, the hydroxyapatite scaffold was found to be capable of sustaining cell growth and thus assisting bone ingrowth. Due to the low porosity nature, the scaffold provides higher strength and therefore more suitable for applications with load-bearing requirements such as spinal spacer. The hydroxyapatite scaffolds are prepared via powder processing techniques, using a combination of wet mixing, powder compaction, and sintering processes. The scaffold porosity is estimated via image analysis and micro-CT, which detect porosity level of approximately 16% and pore size of 13 μm. Cell culture investigation demonstrates that the hydroxyapatite substrate is able to provide favourable cell attachment and collagen matrix production, as compared to the commonly used cell culture control substrates. These results indicate that despite the low porosity in the hydroxyapatite scaffolds, they do not hinder being a preferred substrate to provide conducive environment osteoblast cell growth.