Figure 1: (a) Location of Raja Ampat in the coral triangle (source: The Nature Conservancy Coral Triangle Center http://www.coraltrianglecenter.org/en/page/coral-triangle). The blue shaded region shows the boundary of the coral triangle and the arrow points to the location of Raja Ampat; (b) MPA boundaries. The figure shows the names and boundaries of the three MPAs on which the study is based (pink), spillover regions (yellow), fishing villages (green), and MPAs not part of the analysis (white). Each cell in the map is approximately 2.56 x 2.57 km. The city of Seram mentioned in the text is located on mainland Papua towards east of Misool.