Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Marine Biology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 275305, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/275305
Research Article

A Comparison of Abundance and Diversity of Epiphytic Microalgal Assemblages on the Leaves of the Seagrasses Posidonia oceanica (L.) and Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Asch in Eastern Tunisia

1Faculty of Science of Sfax, Route de la Soukra km 4, BP 802, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
2National Institute of Sciences and Technology of the Sea, BP 1035, 3018 Sfax, Tunisia

Received 23 February 2014; Revised 20 April 2014; Accepted 6 May 2014; Published 3 June 2014

Academic Editor: Andrew McMinn

Copyright © 2014 Lotfi Mabrouk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Mazzella and G. F. Russo, “Grazing effect of two Gibbula species (Mollusca, Archaeogastropoda) on the epiphytic community of Posidonia oceanica leaves,” Aquatic Botany, vol. 35, no. 3-4, pp. 357–373, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. Mazzella, M. C. Buia, and L. Spinoccia, “Biodiversity of epiphytic diatom community on leaves of Posidonia oceanica,” in Proceedings of the 13th Diatom Symposium, D. Marino and M. Montresor, Eds., Biopress, Bristol, UK, 1994.
  3. M. C. Gambi, M. Lorenti, G. F. Russo, M. B. Scipione, and V. Zupo, “Depth and seasonal distribution of some groups of the vagile fauna of the Posidonia oceanica leaf stratum: structural and trophic analyses,” Marine Ecology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 17–39, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Prado, T. Alcoverro, B. Martínez-Crego, A. Vergés, M. Pérez, and J. Romero, “Macrograzers strongly influence patterns of epiphytic assemblages in seagrass meadows,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 350, no. 1-2, pp. 130–143, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Mabrouk, A. Hamza, M. B. Brahim, and M.-N. Bradai, “Temporal and depth distribution of microepiphytes on Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile leaves in a meadow off Tunisia,” Marine Ecology, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 148–161, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. S. Lavery, T. Reid, G. A. Hyndes, and B. R. Van Elven, “Effect of leaf movement on epiphytic algal biomass of seagrass leaves,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 338, pp. 97–106, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K.-S. Lee, S. R. Park, and Y. K. Kim, “Effects of irradiance, temperature, and nutrients on growth dynamics of seagrasses: a review,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 350, no. 1-2, pp. 144–175, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Mabrouk, A. Hamza, M. Mahfoudi, and M.-N. Bradai, “Spatial and temporal variations of epiphytic Ostreopsis siamensis on Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile leaves in Mahdia (Tunisia),” Cahiers de Biologie Marine, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 419–427, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. J. B. Carruthers, Leaf production, canopy structure and light climate in a density-manipulated Amphibolis griffithii meadow [M.S. thesis], University of Western Australia, 1994.
  10. I. Castejón-Silvo and J. Terrados, “Patterns of spatial variation of nutrient content, epiphyte load and shoot size of Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows (Mediterranean Sea),” Marine Ecology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 165–175, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. A. Bulthuis and W. J. Woelkerling, “Biomass accumulation and shading effects of epiphytes on leaves of the seagrass, Heterozostera tasmanica, in Victoria, Australia,” Aquatic Botany, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 137–148, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. A. Borowitzka, R. C. Lethbridge, and L. Charlton, “Species richness, spatial distribution and colonisation pattern of algal and invertebrate epiphytes on the seagrass Amphiholis grifiithii,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 64, pp. 281–291, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  13. M. A. Faust, “Morphology of ciguatera-causing Prorocentrum lima (Pyrrhophyta) from widely differing sites,” Journal of Phycology, vol. 27, pp. 642–648, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  14. J. Foden, D. A. Purdie, S. Morris, and S. Nascimento, “Epiphytic abundance and toxicity of Prorocentrum lima populations in the Fleet Lagoon, UK,” Harmful Algae, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 1063–1074, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Aligizaki and G. Nikolaidis, “The presence of the potentially toxic genera Ostreopsis and Coolia (Dinophyceae) in the North Aegean Sea, Greece,” Harmful Algae, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 717–730, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Mabrouk, A. Hamza, and M. N. Bradai, “Variability in the structure of planktonic microalgae assemblages in water column associated with Posidonia oceanica (L.) bed in Tunisia,” Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 2014, Article ID 621238, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. M. Vila, E. Garcés, and M. Masó, “Potentially toxic epiphytic dinoflagellate assemblages on macroalgae in the NW Mediterranean,” Aquatic Microbial Ecology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 51–60, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Giraud, “Sur une méthode de mesure et de comptage des structures foliaires de Posidonia oceanica (Linnaeus) Delile,” Bulletin Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Marseille, vol. 39, pp. 33–39, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. Turki, “Distribution of toxic dinoflagellates along the leaves of seagrass Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa from the Gulf of Tunis,” Cahiers de Biologie Marine, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. A. Penhale, “Macrophyte-epiphyte biomass and productivity in an eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) community,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 211–224, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. T. Short, “Primary elemental constituents,” in Seagrass Research Methods, R. C. Phillips and C. P. McRoy, Eds., pp. 105–110, UNESCO, Paris, France, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  22. P. Dauby and M. Poulicek, “Methods for removing epiphytes from seagrasses: SEM observations on treated leaves,” Aquatic Botany, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 217–228, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. A. Kendrick and P. S. Lavery, “Assessing biomass, assemblage structure and productivity of algal epiphytes on seagrasses,” in Glogal Seagrass Research Methods, F. T. Short and R. G. Coles, Eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  24. H. Utermohl, “Zur vervollkommung der quantitativen Phytomicroorganisms-Methodik. Mitteilungen,” Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, vol. 9, pp. 1–38, 1958. View at Google Scholar
  25. J. H. Zar, Biostatistical Analysis, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 4th edition, 1999.
  26. K. R. Clarke, “Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 117–143, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. R. Clarke and R. M. Warwick, Change in Marine Communities: An Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation, PRIMER-E, Plymouth, UK, 2001.
  28. P. J. Somerfield, K. R. Clarke, and F. Olsgard, “A comparison of the power of categorical and correlational tests applied to community ecology data from gradient studies,” Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 581–593, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. J. Ter Braak and P. F. Verdonschot, “Canonical correspondence analysis and related multivariate methods in aquatic ecology,” Aquatic Sciences, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 255–289, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. Mazzella, P. Guidetti, M. Lorenti et al., “Biomass partitioning in Adriatic seagrass ecosystems (Posidonia oceanica, Cymodocea nodosa, Zostera marina),” Rapport Commission International Mer Mediterranée, vol. 35, pp. 562–563, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  31. D. Lobelle, E. J. Kenyon, K. J. Cook, and J. C. Bull, “Local competition and metapopulation processes drive long-term seagrass-epiphyte population dynamics,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 2, Article ID e57072, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Enríquez and N. I. Pantoja-Reyes, “Form-function analysis of the effect of canopy morphology on leaf self-shading in the seagrass Thalassia testudinum,” Oecologia, vol. 145, no. 2, pp. 235–243, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. P. Johnson, M. Edwards, F. Bunker, and C. A. Maggs, “Algal epiphytes of Zostera marina: variation in assemblage structure from individual leaves to regional scale,” Aquatic Botany, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 12–26, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. G. Pergent and C. Pergent-Martini, “Some applications of lepidochronological analysis in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica,” Botanica Marina, vol. 33, pp. 299–310, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  35. E. P. Green and F. T. Short, World Atlas of Seagrasses, UIMEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif, USA, 2003.
  36. J. Reyes and M. Sansón, “Temporal distribution and reproductive phenology of the epiphytes on Cymodocea nodosa leaves in the Canary Islands,” Botanica Marina, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 193–201, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Prabakaran, “Invitro antimicrobial potentials of marine Oscillatoria species,” Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 58–64, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. A. Borowitzka, P. Lavery, and M. Keulen, “Epiphytes of seagrasses,” in Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation, A. W. D. Larkum, R. J. Orth, and C. M. Duarte, Eds., Springer, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  39. T. Seaborn, “Limpets and their algal epibionts: costs and benefits of Acrosiphonia spp and ulva lactuca growth,” Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 2014, Article ID 891943, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. M. S. Fonseca and J. A. Cahalan, “A preliminary evaluation of wave attenuation by four species of seagrass,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 565–576, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. C. Gambi, A. R. M. Nowell, and P. A. Jumars, “Flume observations on flow dynamics in Zostera marina (eelgrass) beds,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 61, pp. 159–169, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  42. E. W. Koch, J. D. Ackerman, J. Verduin, and M. van Keulen, “Fluid dynamics in seagrass ecology,” in Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation, A. W. D. Larkum, R. J. Orth, and C. M. Duarte, Eds., Springer, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  43. T. C. Granata, T. Serra, J. Colomer, X. Casamitjana, C. M. Duarte, and E. Gacia, “Flow and particle distributions in a nearshore seagrass meadow before and after a storm,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 218, pp. 95–106, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. B. J. F. Biggs, “Hydraulic habitat of plants in streams,” Regulated Rivers: Research and Management, vol. 12, no. 2-3, pp. 131–144, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. Zakhama-Sraieb, Y. R. Sghaier, and F. Charfi-Cheikhrouha, “Community structure of amphipods on shallow Posidonia oceanica meadows off Tunisian coasts,” Helgoland Marine Research, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 203–209, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. W. Belgacem, H. Langar, G. Pergent, and O. K. Ben Hassine, “Associated mollusc communities of a Posidonia oceanica meadow in Cap Zebib (off North East Tunisia),” Aquatic Botany, vol. 104, pp. 170–175, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. M. L. Harmelin-Vivien, “Ichtyofaune des herbiers de posidonies du parc naturel régional de Corse,” in International Workshop on Posidonia Beds, C. F. Boudouresque, A. Meinesz, E. Fresi, and V. Gravez, Eds., GIS Posidonie, Marseille, France, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  48. O. Sarnelle, K. W. Kratz, and S. D. Cooper, “Effects of an invertebrate grazer on the spatial arrangement of a benthic microhabitat,” Oecologia, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 208–218, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. L. Tall, A. Cattaneo, L. Cloutier, S. Dray, and P. Legendre, “Resource partitioning in a grazer guild feeding on a multilayer diatom mat,” Journal of the North American Benthological Society, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 800–810, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. A. Neckles, E. T. Koepfler, L. W. Haas, R. L. Wetzel, and R. J. Orth, “Dynamics of epiphytic photoautotrophs and heterotrophs in Zostera marina (Eelgrass) microcosms: responses to nutrient enrichment and grazing,” Estuaries, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 597–605, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. A. Schanz, P. Polte, and H. Asmus, “Cascading effects of hydrodynamics on an epiphyte-grazer system in intertidal seagrass beds of the Wadden Sea,” Marine Biology, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 287–297, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. I. M. Hamisi, T. J. Lyimo, and M. H. S. Muruke, “Cyanobacterial occurrence and diversity in seagrass meadows in coastal tanzania,” Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 113–122, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  53. R. Novak, “A study in ultra-ecology: microorganisms on the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile,” Marine Ecology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 143–190, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. L. Mazzella, M. B. Scipione, and M. C. Buia, “Spatio-temporal distribution of algal and animal communities in a Posidonia oceanica meadow,” Marine Ecology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 107–129, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. T. Ribes, H. Salvadó, J. Romero, and M. D. P. Gracia, “Foraminiferal colonization on artificial seagrass leaves,” Journal of Foraminiferal Research, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 192–201, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. M. S. Romdhane, H. C. Eilertsen, O. K. D. Yahia, and M. N. D. Yahia, “Toxic dinoflagellate blooms in Tunisian lagoons: causes and consequences for aquaculture,” in Harmful Algae, B. Reguera, J. Blanco, M. L. Fernandez, and T. Wyatt, Eds., Xunta de Galicia and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Vigo, Spain, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  57. Z. Armi, S. Turki, E. Trabelsi, and N. Ben Maiz, “First recorded proliferation of Coolia monotis (Meunier, 1919) in the North Lake of Tunis (Tunisia) correlation with environmental factors,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 164, no. 1–4, pp. 423–433, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. I. Nakajima, Y. Oshima, and T. Yasumoto, “Toxicity of benthic Dinoflagellates in Okinawa,” Bulletin of the Japanese Society For the Science of Fish, vol. 47, pp. 1029–1033, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  59. S. M. Nascimento, D. A. Purdie, and S. Morris, “Morphology, toxin composition and pigment content of Prorocentrum lima strains isolated from a coastal lagoon in southern UK,” Toxicon, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 633–649, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. J. C. Marr, A. E. Jackson, and J. L. McLachlan, “Occurrence of Prorocentrum lima, a DSP toxin-producing species from the Atlantic coast of Canada,” Journal of Applied Phycology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 17–24, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus