Table of Contents
Journal of Medical Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 471682, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/471682
Research Article

Enabling 3D-Liver Perfusion Mapping from MR-DCE Imaging Using Distributed Computing

1Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR 5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon, Université Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
2Departement d’imagerie Digestive, Hospices Civils de Lyon, CHU Edouard Herriot, 69008 Lyon, France

Received 19 September 2012; Revised 10 January 2013; Accepted 29 January 2013

Academic Editor: Nicusor Iftimia

Copyright © 2013 Benjamin Leporq et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An MR acquisition protocol and a processing method using distributed computing on the European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) to allow 3D liver perfusion parametric mapping after Magnetic Resonance Dynamic Contrast Enhanced (MR-DCE) imaging are presented. Seven patients (one healthy control and six with chronic liver diseases) were prospectively enrolled after liver biopsy. MR-dynamic acquisition was continuously performed in free-breathing during two minutes after simultaneous intravascular contrast agent (MS-325 blood pool agent) injection. Hepatic capillary system was modeled by a 3-parameters one-compartment pharmacokinetic model. The processing step was parallelized and executed on the EGI. It was modeled and implemented as a grid workflow using the Gwendia language and the MOTEUR workflow engine. Results showed good reproducibility in repeated processing on the grid. The results obtained from the grid were well correlated with ROI-based reference method ran locally on a personal computer. The speed-up range was 71 to 242 with an average value of 126. In conclusion, distributed computing applied to perfusion mapping brings significant speed-up to quantification step to be used for further clinical studies in a research context. Accuracy would be improved with higher image SNR accessible on the latest 3T MR systems available today.