Table of Contents
Journal of Mycology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7648219, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7648219
Review Article

Coleopteran and Lepidopteran Hosts of the Entomopathogenic Genus Cordyceps sensu lato

1Institute for Bio-Medical Convergence, International St. Mary’s Hospital and College of Medicine, Catholic Kwandong University, Incheon 404-834, Republic of Korea
2Environmental Science, Ishikawa Prefectural University, 1-308 Suematsu, Nonoichi, Ishikawa 921-8836, Japan
3Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, Eumseong 369-873, Republic of Korea
4Forest Biodiversity Division, Korea National Arboretum, Pocheon 487-820, Republic of Korea
5College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756, Republic of Korea

Received 13 December 2015; Accepted 19 January 2016

Academic Editor: Dagmar Triebel

Copyright © 2016 Bhushan Shrestha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Entomophthoralean and ascomycetous fungi are the two major groups known to parasitize arthropods in almost every terrestrial habitat of the earth. Within Ascomycota, Cordyceps sensu lato is a large genus with more than 400 spp. described on numerous orders of Arthropoda. Among the hosts of Cordyceps, Coleoptera and Lepidoptera are the two major orders. Out of the estimated 200 Cordyceps spp. recorded on coleopteran and lepidopteran hosts, we have documented 92 spp. based on the available information of their host species. Among coleopteran hosts, Scarabaeidae and Elateridae are the two major families. Similarly, among lepidopterans, Hepialidae is the largest host family. Cordyceps militaris shows the widest host range, extending to 2 orders, 13 families, and 32 spp. We hope such accumulative work will be useful as a quick reference for interested biologists, forest ecologists, biocontrol researchers, and fungal and insect taxonomists to apprehend host range and host specificities of Cordyceps fungi.