Table of Contents
Journal of Mycology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2809239, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2809239
Research Article

Species Richness and Traditional Knowledge of Macrofungi (Mushrooms) in the Awing Forest Reserve and Communities, Northwest Region, Cameroon

1Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39, Bambili, Northwest Region, Cameroon
2Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Southwest Region, Cameroon
3Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Southwest Region, Cameroon

Correspondence should be addressed to Tonjock Rosemary Kinge

Received 11 January 2017; Revised 26 April 2017; Accepted 15 May 2017; Published 6 June 2017

Academic Editor: Leo Van Griensven

Copyright © 2017 Tonjock Rosemary Kinge et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Macrofungi are diverse in their uses as food and medicine and several species serve as decomposers and also form mycorrhizal associations. Awing forest reserve is diverse in plants and fungi species. However, no work has been carried out to assess the diversity and traditional knowledge of macrofungi in the area. Diversity surveys were carried out in three altitudes using transects of  m for six months in 2015. Ethnomycology studies were carried out in fifteen communities using focus group discussion, pictorial presentation, and questionnaires. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics in Microsoft Excel 2010. Seventy-five species belonging to thirty families were identified by morphology. Thirty-six species were found only in the low altitude, 16 in the mid altitude, and 16 species in high altitude. One species was common to low and mid altitude and also low and high altitude; five species were common to mid and high altitude while there was no species common to all three altitudes. The indigenes of the Awing communities commonly called mushroom “Poh” and use it mainly as food and medicine and in mythological beliefs. The most utilized species as food and medicine included Termitomyces titanicus, Laetiporus sulphureus, and Ganoderma sp.