Table 2: Change scores in subscales for measurement scales over time.

Scales T1 baseline
Md (IQR)
T2 6-week
Md (IQR)
T3 12-month
Md (IQR)
values Effect size
 T1-T2 T1–T3 T1-T2 T1–T3

DASS
 Total (0–126)24 (13 to 41)16 (8 to 27.5)22 (12 to 34.5)−2.86*−1.930.350.25
 Depression (0–42)10 (4 to 19)4 (0 to 12)7 (2 to 14)−2.36*−1.470.290.19
 Anxiety (0–42)4 (2 to 13)4 (0 to 7)4 (2 to 8)−2.22*−1.590.280.20
 Stress (0–42)12 (5 to 17)6 (3 to 11)10 (4 to 14)−2.54*−2.41*0.320.31
MQOL#
 Total (0–160)91 (78.5 to 111)94 (81 to 120.5)96.5 (84.2 to 123.7)−0.73−1.060.090.14
 Single-item scale (SIS) (0–10)6 (4 to 8)7 (5 to 8)7 (5 to 8)−2.07*−2.30*0.260.29
 Physical well-being item (0–10)6 (4 to 8)6 (4.2 to 8)7 (5 to 8)−0.64−1.160.080.15
 Physical symptoms (0–30)16 (10.5 to 19)15 (10.5 to 19.5)15 (8.5 to 21.7)−0.35−0.040.040.01
 Psychological symptoms (0–40)27 (22 to 37)31 (24.5 to 36.8)31 (26 to 38)−1.20−1.690.150.22
 Existential well-being (0–60)37 (30 to 43)40 (31.8 to 48.5)39.5 (30.2 to 49.5)−0.64−0.910.080.12
 Support (0–20)15 (11.5 to 17.5)15 (11.5 to 17.5)16 (12 to 18.7)−0.88−1.190.110.15
Brief COPE
 Total (28–112)63 (54.5 to 69.5)64 (57.2 to 67)64 (56.2 to 70)−0.34−0.180.040.02
Problem-focused coping strategies
  Active coping (2–8)6 (4.5 to 7)7 (5 to 8)6 (5 to 7.7)−0.31−0.250.040.03
  Planning (2–8)6 (4.5 to 7)6 (5 to 7.7)6 (5 to 7.7)−0.52−0.020.060.00
  Positive reframing (2–8)6 (4.5 to 7.5)6 (5 to 7)6 (4 to 7)−0.33−0.720.040.09
  Acceptance (2–8)6 (5.5 to 8)6.5 (5.2 to 8)6 (5 to 7)−0.37−0.840.050.11
  Humour (2–8)4 (3 to 6)4 (3 to 7)5 (4 to 6.7)−0.56−1.460.070.19
  Religion (2–8)3 (2 to 5.5)4 (2 to 6)3.5 (2 to 4.7)−1.18−0.060.150.01
  Using emotional support (2–8)5 (3 to 7)5 (4 to 7)5 (4 to 7)−0.27−1.090.030.14
  Using instrumental support (2–8)4 (3 to 7)5 (4 to 7)4.5 (4 to 6)−0.29−0.070.040.01
Emotion-focused coping strategies
  Self-distraction (2–8)5 (4 to 6)5 (3.2 to 6)5 (4 to 6)−1.43−1.300.180.17
  Denial (2–8)2 (2 to 3)2 (2 to 3)2 (2 to 3.7)−0.29−0.150.040.02
  Venting (2–8)3 (2 to 4)3 (2 to 4)4 (3 to 4)−0.86−0.020.110.00
  Substance use (2–8)2 (2 to 2)2 (2 to 2)2 (2 to 2)−0.44−0.180.050.02
  Behavioural disengagement (2–8)2 (2 to 3)2 (2 to 4)2 (2 to 3)−0.79−0.250.100.03
  Self-blame (2–8)2 (2 to 4.5)2 (2 to 4)3 (2 to 4)−2.37*−1.170.290.15

Correlation significant at 0.05 level (2-tailed).
#In scoring MQOL, data were transposed prior to data analysis where necessary (items 1–3 and 5–8), so that a score of “0” always indicated the least desirable and “10” the most desirable situation. For items 1–3, a transposed score of “10” is assigned when the symptom indicated is “none.”
DASS: Depression Anxiety Stress Scale; IQR: interquartile range; Md: median; MQOL: McGill Quality of Life; : total number.