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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 95670, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/JNM/2006/95670

Controlled Synthesis of Sb2O3 Nanoparticles, Nanowires, and Nanoribbons

1Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315040, China
2Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1129, Hefei 230031, China
3Jilin Dongfeng Chemical Company, Jilin 132021, China

Received 23 August 2005; Revised 11 January 2006; Accepted 23 February 2006

Academic Editor: Michael S. Wong

Copyright © 2006 Changhui Ye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sb2O3 nanoparticles, nanowires, and nanoribbons have been selectively synthesized in a controlled manner under mild conditions by using CTAB as a soft template. By adopting Sb(OH)4 as an inorganic precursor and the concentration of CTAB as an adjusting parameter, morphologies of Sb2O3 nanostructures can be selectively controlled. Typically, CCTAB<0.15 mmol favors the formation of nanoparticles (product one or short form P1); when the concentration of CATB is in the range 0.15–2.0 mmol, nanowires (P2) dominate the products; nanoribbons (P3) form above the concentration of 2.0 mmol, and when the concentration of CTAB goes further higher, treelike bundles of nanoribbons could be achieved. The method in the present study has potential advantages of easy handling, relatively low-cost, and large-scale production. The facile and large-scale synthesis of varied Sb2O3 nanostructures is believed to be useful for the application of catalysis and flame retardance.