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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2007, Article ID 54568, 11 pages
Research Article

Electromagnetic Field Behavior in Dispersive Isotropic Negative Phase Velocity/Negative Refractive Index Guided Wave Structures Compatible with Millimeter-Wave Monolithic Integrated Circuits

1Microwave Technology Branch, Electronics Science and Technology Division, US Naval Research Laboratory, Washington 20375-5347, DC, USA
2Electronics Science and Technology Branch, Sensors and Technology Division, DCS Corporation, 1330 Braddock Place, Alexandria 22314, VA, USA

Received 8 February 2007; Accepted 26 June 2007

Academic Editor: Christian Brosseau

Copyright © 2007 Clifford M. Krowne and Maurice Daniel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A microstrip configuration has been loaded with a dispersive isotropic left-handed medium (LHM) substrate and studied regarding its high frequency millimeter-wave behavior near 100 GHz. This has been accomplished using a full-wave integral-equation anisotropic Green's function code configured to run for isotropy. Never before seen electromagnetic field distributions are produced, unlike anything found in normal media devices, using this ab initio solver. These distributions are made in the cross-sectional dimension, with the field propagating in the perpendicular direction. It is discovered that the LHM distributions are so radically different from ordinary media used as a substrate that completely new electronic devices based upon the new physics become a real possibility. The distinctive dispersion diagram for the dispersive medium, consisting of unit cells with split ring resonator-rod combinations, is provided over the upper millimeter-wave frequency regime.