Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2008, Article ID 310126, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/310126
Research Article

Effect of Carbon Nanofiber-Matrix Adhesion on Polymeric Nanocomposite Properties—Part II

University of Dayton, 300 College Park, Dayton 45469, OH, USA

Received 22 March 2007; Accepted 5 July 2007

Academic Editor: Donglu Shi

Copyright © 2008 Khalid Lafdi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. Z. Mordkovich, “Carbon nanofibers: a new ultrahigh-strength material for chemical technology,” Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 429–438, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. B. Maruyama and K. Alam, “Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers in composite materials,” SAMPE Journal, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 59–70, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  3. E. Lonzo and V. Barrera, “Nanofiber-reinforced thermoplastic composites. I. thermoanalytical and mechanical analyses,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 125–133, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. R. J. Kuriger, M. K. Alam, D. P. Anderson, and R. L. Jacobsen, “Processing and characterization of aligned vapor grown carbon fiber reinforced polypropylene,” Composites Part A, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 53–62, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. R. D. Patton, C. U. Pittman, Jr., L. Wang, and J. R. Hill, “Vapor grown carbon fiber composites with epoxy and poly (phenylene sulfide) matrices,” Composites Part A, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1081–1091, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Lim, S.-H. Yoon, I. Mochida, and J.-H. Chi, “Surface modification of carbon nanofiber with high degree of graphitization,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 1533–1536, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. L. Toebes, J. M. P. van Heeswijk, J. H. Bitter, A. J. van Dillen, and K. P. de Jong, “The influence of oxidation on the texture and the number of oxygen-containing surface groups of carbon nanofibers,” Carbon, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 307–315, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. H. Bubert, X. Ai, S. Haiber et al., “Basic analytical investigation of plasma-chemically modified carbon fibers,” Spectrochimica Acta Part B, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 1601–1610, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Xu, J. P. Donohoe, and C. U. Pittman, Jr., “Preparation, electrical and mechanical properties of vapor grown carbon fiber (VGCF)/vinyl ester composites,” Composites Part A, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 693–701, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. I. C. Finegan, G. G. Tibbetts, D. G. Glasgow, J.-M. Ting, and M. L. Lake, “Surface treatments for improving the mechanical properties of carbon nanofiber/thermoplastic composites,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 3485–3490, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Cortés, K. Lozano, E. V. Barrera, and J. Bonilla-Rios, “Effects of nanofiber treatments on the properties of vapor-grown carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 89, no. 9, pp. 2527–2534, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. J. Harvey, C. Kozlowski, and P. M. A. Sherwood, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies of carbon fibre surfaces,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1585–1596, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. Gulyás, E. Földes, A. Lázár, and B. Pukánszky, “Electrochemical oxidation of carbon fibres: surface chemistry and adhesion,” Composites Part A, vol. 32, no. 3-4, pp. 353–360, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. Z. R. Yue, W. Jiang, L. Wang, S. D. Gardner, and C. U. Pittman, Jr., “Surface characterization of electrochemically oxidized carbon fibers,” Carbon, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 1785–1796, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar