Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2009, Article ID 851290, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/851290
Research Article

Growth of Pd-Filled Carbon Nanotubes on the Tip of Scanning Probe Microscopy

1Nano High-Tech Research Center, Toyota Technological Institute, 2-12-1 Hisakata, Tempaku, Nagoya 468-8511, Japan
2Daido Bunseki Research Inc., 2-30 Daido-cho, Minato-ku, Nagoya 457-8545, Japan

Received 31 October 2008; Revised 14 February 2009; Accepted 16 February 2009

Academic Editor: Rakesh Joshi

Copyright © 2009 Tomokazu Sakamoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Iijima, “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon,” Nature, vol. 354, no. 6348, pp. 56–58, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. C. Guerret-Piécourt, Y. Le Bouar, A. Lolseau, and H. Pascard, “Relation between metal electronic structure and morphology of metal compounds inside carbon nanotubes,” Nature, vol. 372, no. 6508, pp. 761–765, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. P. Castrucci, M. Scarselli, M. De Crescenzi et al., “Effect of coiling on the electronic properties along single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 17, pp. 3857–3859, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Tanemura, K. Iwata, K. Wakasugi et al., “Synthesis of ni nanowire-encapsulated carbon nanotubes,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 44, no. 4A, pp. 1577–1580, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. K. Tanaka, M. Yoshimura, and K. Ueda, “Fabrication of carbon nanotube tips for scanning tunneling microscopy by direct growth using the microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology, vol. 4, pp. 276–279, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Tanemura, K. Iwata, K. Takahashi et al., “Growth of aligned carbon nanotubes by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition: optimization of growth parameters,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 1529–1533, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. C.-C. Chiu, M. Yoshimura, and K. Ueda, “Regrowth of carbon nanotube array by microwave plasma-enhanced thermal chemical vapor deposition,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1952–1955, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. Y. Hayashi, T. Tokunaga, S. Toh, W.-J. Moon, and K. Kaneko, “Synthesis and characterization of metal-filled carbon nanotubes by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition,” Diamond and Related Materials, vol. 14, no. 3–7, pp. 790–793, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. L. H. Chan, K. H. Hong, S. H. Lai, X. W. Liu, and H. C. Shih, “The formation and characterization of palladium nanowires in growing carbon nanotubes using microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 423, no. 1, pp. 27–32, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. Q. Ngo, A. M. Cassell, V. Radmilovic et al., “Palladium catalyzed formation of carbon nanofibers by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Carbon, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 424–428, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Javey, J. Guo, Q. Wang, M. Lundstrom, and H. Dai, “Ballistic carbon nanotube field-effect transistors,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6949, pp. 654–657, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. T. Shinohara, T. Sato, and T. Taniyama, “Surface ferromagnetism of Pd fine particles,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 91, no. 19, Article ID 197201, 4 pages, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Delin, E. Tosatti, and R. Weht, “Magnetism in atomic-size palladium contacts and nanowires,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 92, no. 5, Article ID 057201, 4 pages, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. T. de los Arcos, F. Vonau, M. G. Gamier et al., “Influence of iron-silicon interaction on the growth of carbon nanotubes produced by chemical vapor deposition,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 80, no. 13, pp. 2383–2385, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. Y. Zhao, K. Seko, and Y. Saito, “Effects of process parameters and substrate structures on growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes by catalytic decomposition of ethanol,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 45, no. 8A, pp. 6508–6512, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. R. Hatakeyama and T. Kato, “Aligned carbon nanotube formation via radio-frequency magnetron plasma chemical vapor deposition,” Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research, vol. 81, no. 9, pp. 653–659, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. S. Wei, W. P. Kang, W. H. Hofmeister, J. L. Davidson, Y. M. Wong, and J. H. Huang, “Effects of deposition and synthesis parameters on size, density, structure, and field emission properties of Pd-catalyzed carbon nanotubes synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition,” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 793–799, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. R. K. Joshi, M. Yoshimura, C.-C. Chiu, F.-K. Tung, K. Ueda, and K. Tanaka, “Electrochemical growth of Pd for the synthesis of multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 1857–1864, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. R. K. Joshi, M. Yoshimura, Y. Matsuura, K. Ueda, and K. Tanaka, “Electrochemically grown Pd nanoparticles used for synthesis of carbon nanotube by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 4272–4277, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. R. K. Joshi, M. Yoshimura, K. Tanaka, K. Ueda, A. Kumar, and N. Ramgir, “Synthesis of vertically aligned Pd2Si nanowires in microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition system,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 36, pp. 13901–13904, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Kürti, V. Zólyomi, J. Koltai, F. Simon, R. Pfeiffer, and H. Kuzmany, “Curvature effects in the D band of small diameter carbon nanotubes,” Physica Status Solidi B, vol. 244, no. 11, pp. 4261–4264, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. P. M. Ajayan, T. W. Ebbesen, T. Ichihashi, S. Iijima, K. Tanigaki, and H. Hiura, “Opening carbon nanotubes with oxygen and implications for filling,” Nature, vol. 362, no. 6420, pp. 522–525, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. A. C. Ferrari and J. Robertson, “Interpretation of Raman spectra of disordered and amorphous carbon,” Physical Review B, vol. 61, no. 20, pp. 14095–14107, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  24. C.-C. Chiu, C.-Y. Chen, N.-H. Tai, and C.-H. Tsai, “Growth of high-quality single-walled carbon nanotubes through the thermal chemical vapor deposition using co-sputtering Fe-Mo films as catalysts,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 200, no. 10, pp. 3199–3202, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Yoshimura, S. Jo, and K. Ueda, “Fabrication of carbon nanostructure onto the apex of scanning tunneling microscopy probe by chemical vapor deposition,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 42, no. 7B, pp. 4841–4843, 2003. View at Google Scholar