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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 685081, 21 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/685081
Review Article

Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Low-Dimensional Carbon-Related Nanomaterials

1Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), P.O. Box 11365-8486, Tehran, Iran

Received 15 June 2010; Accepted 1 November 2010

Academic Editor: Sulin Zhang

Copyright © 2011 Ali Mostofizadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In recent years, many theoretical and experimental studies have been carried out to develop one of the most interesting aspects of the science and nanotechnology which is called carbon-related nanomaterials. The goal of this paper is to provide a review of some of the most exciting and important developments in the synthesis, properties, and applications of low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials. Carbon nanomaterials are formed in various structural features using several different processing methods. The synthesis techniques used to produce specific kinds of low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials such as zero-dimensional carbon nanomaterials (including fullerene, carbon-encapsulated metal nanoparticles, nanodiamond, and onion-like carbons), one-dimensional carbon nanomaterials (including carbon nanofibers and carbon nanotubes), and two-dimensional carbon nanomaterials (including graphene and carbon nanowalls) are discussed in this paper. Subsequently, the paper deals with an overview of the properties of the mainly important products as well as some important applications and the future outlooks of these advanced nanomaterials.