Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 213549, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/213549
Research Article

Preparation and Properties of Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Scaffolds Multiply Coated with HA/PLLA Nanocomposites for Bone Tissue Engineering Applications

State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, No. 1037 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430074, China

Received 9 January 2012; Accepted 30 March 2012

Academic Editor: Tianxi Liu

Copyright © 2012 Lei Nie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A well-developed BCP scaffolds coated with multilayer of HA/PLLA nanocomposites with interconnectivity, high porosity, and moderate compressive strength as well as good biocompatibility were fabricated for bone tissue engineering. After being multiply coated with HA/PLLA nanocomposites, the scaffolds maintained the BCP framework structure, and the porous network structure of scaffolds remained unchanged; however, the compressive strength was increased with the increase of coating layer number of HA/PLLA nanocomposites. The prepared scaffolds showed lower variation of pH values in SBF solution, and an increase of coating layer number led to the decrease of the biodegradation rate at different days. Moreover, the multilayer coating scaffolds had good cytocompatibility, showing no negative effects on cells growth and proliferation. Furthermore, the bone-like apatite layer was built obviously in the interface of scaffold after 21 days after implantation in SD rat muscle. In conclusion, the BCP scaffold coated with multilayer of HA/PLLA nanocomposites could be a candidate as an excellent substitute for damaged or defect bone in bone tissue engineering.