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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 235879, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/235879
Review Article

The Progress of T i O 𝟐 Nanocrystals Doped with Rare Earth Ions

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China

Received 29 September 2011; Revised 3 November 2011; Accepted 3 November 2011

Academic Editor: William W. Yu

Copyright © 2012 Hai Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the past decades, TiO2 nanocrystals (NCs) have been widely studied in the fields of photoelectric devices, optical communication, and environment for their stability in aqueous solution, being nontoxic, cheapness, and so on. Among the three crystalline phases of TiO2, anatase TiO2 NCs are the best crystallized phase of solar energy conversion. However, the disadvantages of high band gap energy (3.2 ev) and the long lifetime of photogenerated electrons and holes limit its photocatalytic activity severely. Therefore, TiO2 NCs doped with metal ions is available way to inhibit the transformation from anatase to rutile. Besides, these metal ions will concentrate on the surface of TiO2 NCs. All above can enhance the photoactivity of TiO2 NCs. In this paper, we mainly outlined the different characterization brought about in the aspect of nanooptics and photocatalytics due to metal ions added in. Also, the paper mainly concentrated on the progress of TiO2 NCs doped with rare earth (RE) ions.