Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 286104, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/286104
Research Article

Figures of Merit for High-Performance Transparent Electrodes Using Dip-Coated Silver Nanowire Networks

1Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
2Department of Electrical Engineering, École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 1K3

Received 15 June 2012; Revised 20 August 2012; Accepted 21 August 2012

Academic Editor: Yanqiu Zhu

Copyright © 2012 Sergio B. Sepulveda-Mora and Sylvain G. Cloutier. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Haacke, “Transparent conducting coatings,” Annual Review of Materials Science, vol. 7, pp. 73–93, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. G. Granqvist, “Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: a panoramic review,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 91, no. 17, pp. 1529–1598, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 2955–2963, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, “Solution-processed metal nanowire mesh transparent electrodes,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 689–692, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Z. Chen, B. Cotterell, and W. Wang, “The fracture of brittle thin films on compliant substrates in flexible displays,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 597–603, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Z. Geng, K. K. Kim, K. P. So, Y. S. Lee, Y. Chang, and H. L. Young, “Effect of acid treatment on carbon nanotube-based flexible transparent conducting films,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 129, no. 25, pp. 7758–7759, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. M. Barnes, J. Van De Lagemaat, D. Levi et al., “Optical characterization of highly conductive single-wall carbon-nanotube transparent electrodes,” Physical Review B, vol. 75, no. 23, Article ID 235410, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. H. Andrew Ng, L. T. Hartadi, H. Tan, and C. H. Patrick Poa, “Efficient coating of transparent and conductive carbon nanotube thin films on plastic substrates,” Nanotechnology, vol. 19, no. 20, Article ID 205703, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Vollmer, X. L. Feng, X. Wang et al., “Electronic and structural properties of graphene-based transparent and conductive thin film electrodes,” Applied Physics A, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Pimparkar, M. Chowalla, and M. A. Alam, “Device optimization for organic photovoltaics with cnt networks as transparent electrode,” in Proceedings of the Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2008.
  11. M. A. Contreras, T. Barnes, J. Van De Lagemaat et al., “Replacement of transparent conductive oxides by single-wall carbon nanotubes in Cu(In,Ga)Se2-based solar cells,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, no. 38, pp. 14045–14048, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. X. Wang, L. Zhi, and K. Müllen, “Transparent, conductive graphene electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 323–327, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Wu, H. A. Becerril, Z. Bao, Z. Liu, Y. Chen, and P. Peumans, “Organic solar cells with solution-processed graphene transparent electrodes,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, no. 26, Article ID 263302, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Wu, L. Hu, M. W. Rowell et al., “Electrospun metal nanofiber webs as high-performance transparent electrode,” Nano Letters, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 4242–4248, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Wang, T. Feng, K. Wang, M. Qian, Y. Chen, and Z. Sun, “A facile method for preparing transparent, conductive, and paper-like silver nanowire films,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 935218, 5 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. A. R. Madaria, A. Kumar, F. N. Ishikawa, and C. Zhou, “Uniform, highly conductive, and patterned transparent films of a percolating silver nanowire network on rigid and flexible substrates using a dry transfer technique,” Nano Research, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 564–573, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. R. Madaria, A. Kumar, and C. Zhou, “Large scale, highly conductive and patterned transparent films of silver nanowires on arbitrary substrates and their application in touch screens,” Nanotechnology, vol. 22, no. 24, Article ID 245201, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Akter and W. S. Kim, “Reversibly stretchable transparent conductive coatings of spray-deposited silver nanowires,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 4, pp. 1855–1859, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. van de Groep, P. Spinelli, and A. Polman, “Transparent conducting silver nanowire networks,” Nano Letters, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 3138–3144, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. De, T. M. Higgins, P. E. Lyons et al., “Silver nanowire networks as flexible, transparent, conducting films: extremely high DC to optical conductivity ratios,” ACS Nano, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 1767–1774, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. S. F. Morgenstern, D. Kabra, S. Massip et al., “Ag-nanowire films coated with zno nanoparticles as a transparent electrode for solar cells,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 99, Article ID 183307, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  22. R. Zhu, C.-H. Chung, K. C. Cha et al., “Fused silver nanowires with metal oxide nanoparticles and organic polymers for highly transparent conductors,” ACS Nano, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 9877–9882, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. D. Azulai, T. Belenkova, H. Gilon, Z. Barkay, and G. Markovich, “Transparent metal nanowire thin films prepared in mesostructured templates,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 4246–4249, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Z. Yu, L. Li, Q. Zhang, W. Hu, and Q. Pei, “Silver nanowire-polymer composite electrodes for efficient polymer solar cells,” Advanced Materials, vol. 23, pp. 4453–4457, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  25. L. Li, Z. Yu, W. Hu, C. h. Chang, Q. Chen, and Q. Pei, “Efficient flexible phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes based on silver nanowirepolymer composite,” Advanced Materials, vol. 23, pp. 5563–5567, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  26. X. Y. Zeng, Q. K. Zhang, R. M. Yu, and C. Z. Lu, “A new transparent conductor: silver nanowire film buried at the surface of a transparent polymer,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 40, pp. 4484–4488, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D.-S. Leem, A. Edwards, M. Faist, J. Nelson, D. D. C. Bradley, and J. C. de Mello, “Efficient organic solar cells with solution-processed silver nanowire electrodes,” Advanced Materials, vol. 23, pp. 4371–4375, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  28. J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, and P. Peumans, “Semitransparent organic photovoltaic cells with laminated top electrode,” Nano Letters, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1276–1279, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Tian, D. Xie, and Y. Yang, “Flexible, ultrathin, and transparent sound-emitting devices using silver nanowires film,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 99, Article ID 253507, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  30. Z. Zhang, X. Chen, H. Yang, H. Fu, and F. Xiao, “Electrically conductive adhesives with sintered silver nanowires,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging (ICEPT-HDP '09), pp. 834–837, August 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Dressel and G. Gruner, Electrodynamics of Solids: Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2002.
  32. G. Haacke, “New figure of merit for transparent conductors,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 4086–4089, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus