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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 316173, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/316173
Research Article

Influence of Selected Alkoxysilanes on Dispersive Properties and Surface Chemistry of Titanium Dioxide and TiO2–SiO2 Composite Material

Faculty of Chemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, M. Sklodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznan, Poland

Received 30 May 2012; Revised 8 August 2012; Accepted 8 August 2012

Academic Editor: Mietek Jaroniec

Copyright © 2012 Katarzyna Siwińska-Stefańska et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The paper reports on characterisation of titanium dioxide and coprecipitated TiO2–SiO2 composite material functionalised with selected alkoxysilanes. Synthetic composite material was obtained by an emulsion method with cyclohexane as the organic phase, titanium sulfate as titanium precursor, and sodium silicate solution as precipitating agent were applied. Structures of titania and composite material samples were studied by the wide angle X-ray scattering method. The chemical composition of TiO2–SiO2 composite material precipitated was evaluated based on the energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy technique. The functionalised TiO2 and TiO2–SiO2 composite material were thoroughly characterised to determine the yield of functionalisation with silanes. The characterisation included determination of dispersion and morphology of the systems (particle size distribution, scanning electron microscope images), adsorption properties (nitrogen adsorption isotherms), and electrokinetic properties (zeta potential).