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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 532625, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/532625
Research Article

Temperature Dependence of Electrical Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors: A Quantum Simulation Study

1Electrical Engineering Department, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2Department of Electrical Engineering, Boroujen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujen, Iran

Received 20 July 2011; Revised 15 December 2011; Accepted 3 January 2012

Academic Editor: Ilia Ivanov

Copyright © 2012 Ali Naderi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

By developing a two-dimensional (2D) full quantum simulation, the attributes of carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNTFETs) in different temperatures have been comprehensively investigated. Simulations have been performed by employing the self-consistent solution of 2D Poisson-Schrödinger equations within the nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formalism. Principal characteristics of CNTFETs such as current capability, drain conductance, transconductance, and subthreshold swing (SS) have been investigated. Simulation results present that as temperature raises from 250 to 500 K, the drain conductance and on-current of the CNTFET improved; meanwhile the on-/off-current ratio deteriorated due to faster growth in off-current. Also the effects of temperature on short channel effects (SCEs) such as drain-induced barrier lowering (DIBL) and threshold voltage roll-off have been studied. Results show that the subthreshold swing and DIBL parameters are almost linearly correlated, so the degradation of these parameters has the same origin and can be perfectly influenced by the temperature.