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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 810623, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/810623
Research Article

Influence of Compatibilizer and Processing Conditions on Morphology, Mechanical Properties, and Deformation Mechanism of PP/Clay Nanocomposite

1Polymeric Materials Research Group, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11155-9466, Tehran 11365, Iran
2Materials Engineering and Research, SAPCO, P.O. Box 13885-315, Tehran, Iran

Received 15 December 2011; Revised 31 January 2012; Accepted 14 February 2012

Academic Editor: Luiz Antonio Ferreira Coelho

Copyright © 2012 B. Akbari and R. Bagheri. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Polypropylene/montmorillonite nanocomposite was prepared by melt intercalation method using a twin-screw extruder with starve feeding system in this paper. The effects of compatibilizer, extruder rotor speed and feeding rate on properties of nanocomposite were investigated. Structure, tensile, and impact properties and deformation mechanism of the compounds were studied. For investigation of structure and deformation mechanisms, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission optical microscopy (TOM) techniques were utilized, respectively. The results illustrate that introduction of the compatibilizer and also variation of the processing conditions affect structure and mechanical properties of nanocomposite.