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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 328093, 16 pages
Review Article

The Development of Silicon Nanowire as Sensing Material and Its Applications

1Functional Devices Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Chemistry and Biology, Centre for Defense Foundation Studies, National Defense University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 4 September 2013; Accepted 3 November 2013

Academic Editor: Artde Donald Kin-Tak Lam

Copyright © 2013 Jahwarhar Izuan Abdul Rashid et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The application of silicon nanowire (SiNW) as a sensing nanomaterial for detection of biological and chemical species has gained attention due to its unique properties. In this review, a short description is also demonstrated on the synthesis techniques of SiNWs and recent progress on sensor development based on electrochemical methods, fluorescence field-effect transistors (FET), and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy. We also discussed the challenges of SiNW-based sensors in the future.