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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 427370, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/427370
Research Article

Upconversion Luminescence and Photodegradation Performances of Pr Doped Y2SiO5 Nanomaterials

1School of Environmental and Biological Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
2Lianyungang Institute, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Lianyungang 222006, China

Received 12 July 2013; Accepted 2 August 2013

Academic Editor: Guangyu Zhao

Copyright © 2013 Yi Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Yttrium silicates Y2SiO5 upconversion nanomaterials with different doping concentrations of praseodymium ion Pr are prepared by using a sol-gel method. X-ray diffractometer, SEM, Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, and fluorescence spectrometer have been employed to test the crystal structure and upconversion luminescence performances. The results indicate that samples calcined higher than 950°C present fine crystal structures, of which Si-O-Si band at 757–1048 cm−1 splits into three fine peaks. The crystal size of the samples calcined at 950°C and 1000°C is 29.1 nm and 66.7 nm, respectively. The luminescence intensities of the samples are increasing at first and then decreasing, with the increasing of the doping concentrations of 0.47%, 0.77%, 0.96%, 2.95%, and 4.93%. Nanomaterial sample doped 0.96% Pr emits the highest upconversion luminescence intensity of 6.43 × 106 cps and shows the best photodegradation performance for nitrobenzene wastewater. It demonstrates that too much of Pr doping concentration would result in quenching of the fluorescence. Nevertheless, as the degradation time expands, sample doped 0.96% Pr shows much faster increasing of photodegradation rate than samples of other doping concentrations and reaches to a high photodegradation rate of 97.14% in 6 hours for 10 mg/L nitrobenzene wastewater.