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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 734686, 7 pages
Research Article

Carbon Micronymphaea: Graphene on Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

Institute of Energy Technology, ETH Zürich, Sonneggstraße 3, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland

Received 5 March 2013; Accepted 24 July 2013

Academic Editor: Nadya Mason

Copyright © 2013 Jong Won Choi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper describes the morphology of carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanotube (CNT), graphene, and their hybrid structure under various operating conditions during a one-step synthesis via plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). We focus on the synthetic aspects of carbon hybrid material composed of heteroepitaxially grown graphene on top of a vertical array of carbon nanotubes, called carbon micronymphaea. We characterize the structural features of this unique nanocomposite by uses of electron microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. We observe carbon nanofibers, poorly aligned and well-aligned vertical arrays of CNT sequentially as the growth temperature increases, while we always discover the carbon hybrids, called carbon micronymphaea, at specific cooling rate of 15°C/s, which is optimal for the carbon precipitation from the Ni nanoparticles in this study. We expect one-pot synthesized graphene-on-nanotube hybrid structure poses great potential for applications that demand ultrahigh surface-to-volume ratios with intact graphitic nature and directional electronic and thermal transports.