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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 841789, 5 pages
Research Article

Functionalization of Graphene with Nitrile Groups by Cycloaddition of Tetracyanoethylene Oxide

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology, School of Chemical Engineering & Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China

Received 12 March 2013; Accepted 16 September 2013

Academic Editor: Sulin Zhang

Copyright © 2013 Xiaojun Peng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Graphene has got considerable attention in both experimental and theoretical fields for its extraordinary properties. Covalent functionalization is an efficient strategy to render graphene additional properties and overcome its shortcomings such as zero band gap and nondispersibility in solvents. This study reports the synthesis and characterizations of a new kind of functionalized graphene, graphene-TCNEO, obtained by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. The graphene-TCNEO was systematically characterized by FTIR, Raman, XPS, SEM, TEM, and EDS mapping, and the covalent linkage between graphene and tetracyanoethylene oxide was firmly verified. Considering the great diversity of nitrile chemistry, the obtained graphene-TCNEO could be further transformed into other graphene-based derivatives with interesting properties.