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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 978568, 8 pages
Review Article

Nanostructure Formations and Improvement in Corrosion Resistance of Steels by Means of Pulsed Electron Beam Surface Treatment

1School of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China
2Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Mg Materials and Applications, National Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Net Forming, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composite, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
4Laboratoire d’Etude des Microstructures et de Mécanique des Matériaux (LEM3), Université de Lorraine, Ile du Saulcy, UMR 7239, 57045 Metz, France
5Laboratory of Excellence on Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures (DAMAS), University of Lorraine, 57045 Metz, France

Received 12 December 2012; Accepted 25 January 2013

Academic Editor: Gang Ji

Copyright © 2013 K. M. Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The corrosion of steels has long been the topic for materials scientists. It is established that surface treatment is an efficient way to improve the corrosion resistance of steels without changing the bulk properties and with low costs. In the present paper, different kinds of surface treatment techniques for steels are briefly reviewed. In particular, the surface modification involving nanostructure formations of steels by using a low energy high pulsed electron beam (LEHCPEB) treatment is lightened in the case of an AISI 316L stainless steel and D2 steel. The overall results demonstrate the high potential of the LEHCPEB technique for improving the corrosion performance of steels.