Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 131627, 9 pages
Research Article

Effectiveness of the Top-Down Nanotechnology in the Production of Ultrafine Cement (~220 nm)

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133791, Republic of Korea

Received 14 February 2014; Revised 4 June 2014; Accepted 5 June 2014; Published 25 June 2014

Academic Editor: Bin Zhang

Copyright © 2014 Byung-Wan Jo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present investigation is dealing with the communition of the cement particle to the ultrafine level ( 220 nm) utilizing the bead milling process, which is considered as a top-down nanotechnology. During the grinding of the cement particle, the effect of various parameters such as grinding time (1–6 h) and grinding agent (methanol and ethanol) on the production of the ultrafine cement has also been investigated. Performance of newly produced ultrafine cement is elucidated by the chemical composition, particle size distribution, and SEM and XRD analyses. Based on the particle size distribution of the newly produced ultrafine cement, it was assessed that the size of the cement particle decreases efficiently with increase in grinding time. Additionally, it is optimized that the bead milling process is able to produce 90% of the cement particle 350 nm and 50% of the cement particle 220 nm, respectively, after 6.3 h milling without affecting the chemical phases. Production of the ultrafine cement utilizing this method will promote the construction industries towards the development of smart and sustainable construction materials.