Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 152824, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/152824
Research Article

Nanofer ZVI: Morphology, Particle Characteristics, Kinetics, and Applications

Department of Building Civil and Environmental Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West, Montréal, QC, Canada H3G 1M8

Received 17 December 2013; Accepted 11 February 2014; Published 7 April 2014

Academic Editor: William W. Yu

Copyright © 2014 Mahmoud M. Eglal and Amruthur S. Ramamurthy. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Mace, S. Desrocher, F. Gheorghiu et al., “Nanotechnology and groundwater remediation: step forward in technology understanding,” Remediation Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 23–33, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  2. N. C. Mueller, J. Braun, J. Bruns et al., “Application of nanoscale zero valent iron (NZVI) for groundwater remediation in Europe,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 550–558, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. R. Keenan and D. L. Sedlak, “Factors affecting the yield of oxidants from the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron and oxygen,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1262–1267, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. M. Cwiertny, S. J. Bransfield, and A. L. Roberts, “Influence of the oxidizing species on the reactivity of iron-based bimetallic reductants,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 3734–3740, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Liu, S. A. Majetich, R. D. Tilton, D. S. Sholl, and G. V. Lowry, “TCE dechlorination rates, pathways, and efficiency of nanoscale iron particles with different properties,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1338–1345, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. V. Lowry and K. M. Johnson, “Congener-specific dechlorination of dissolved PCBs by microscale and nanoscale zerovalent iron in a water/methanol solution,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 19, pp. 5208–5216, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Lenka, J. Petra, and S. Zdenek, “Nanoscale zero valent iron coating for subsurface application,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference, vol. 10, pp. 23–25, Brno, Czech Republic, 2012.
  8. T. Raychoudhury, G. Naja, and S. Ghoshal, “Assessment of transport of two polyelectrolyte-stabilized zero-valent iron nanoparticles in porous media,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, vol. 118, no. 3-4, pp. 143–151, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. M. Cirtiu, T. Raychoudhury, S. Ghoshal, and A. Moores, “Systematic comparison of the size, surface characteristics and colloidal stability of zero valent iron nanoparticles pre- and post-grafted with common polymers,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 390, no. 1–3, pp. 95–104, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Weile, Iron-based nanoparticles: investigating, the nanostructure, surface chemistry, and reaction with environmental contaminants [Dissertation], Lehigh University, 2011.
  11. B. Karn, T. Kuiken, and M. Otto, “Nanotechnology and in situ remediation: a review of the benefits and potential risks,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 117, no. 12, pp. 1823–1831, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. U.S. EPA, “Nanotechnology white paper,” EPA 100/B-07/001, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  13. B. Nowack, “Pollution prevention and treatment using nanotechnology,” in Nanotechnology, H. Krug, Ed., vol. 2 of Environmental Aspects, pp. 1–15, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  14. V. Stone, B. Nowack, A. Baun et al., “Nanomaterials for environmental studies: classification, reference material issues, and strategies for physico-chemical characterisation,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 408, no. 7, pp. 1745–1754, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. C. Mueller and B. Nowack, “Nanoparticles for remediation: solving big problems with little particles,” Elements, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 395–400, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Greenlee, T. Jessica, R. Amro, and J. Shaw, “Kinetics of zero valent iron nanoparticle oxidation in oxygenated water,” Environment Science Technology, vol. 46, no. 23, pp. 12913–12920, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  17. X.-Q. Li, D. W. Elliott, and W.-X. Zhang, “Zero-valent iron nanoparticles for abatement of environmental pollutants: materials and engineering aspects,” Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 111–122, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. D. David, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 78th edition, 1998.
  19. M. Cornell and U. Schwertmann, The Iron Oxides: Structure, Properties, Reactions, Occurrences, and Uses, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2nd edition, 2003.
  20. X.-Q. Li and W.-X. Zhang, “Sequestration of metal cations with zerovalent iron nanoparticles: a study with high resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HR-XPS),” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, no. 19, pp. 6939–6946, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. O'Carroll, B. Sleep, M. Krol, H. Boparai, and C. Kocur, “Nanoscale zero valent iron and bimetallic particles for contaminated site remediation,” Advances in Water Resources, vol. 51, pp. 104–122, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Rangsivek and M. R. Jekel, “Removal of dissolved metals by zero-valent iron (ZVI): kinetics, equilibria, processes and implications for stormwater runoff treatment,” Water Research, vol. 39, no. 17, pp. 4153–4163, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Ayob, I. Norli, T. Tjoon, and A. Ahmed, “Immobilization of Cu2+ using stabilized nano zero valent iron particles in contaminated aqueous solutions,” Environment Protection Engineering, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 119–131, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Saberi, “Comparison of Pb removal efficiency by zero valent iron nanoparticles and Ni/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles’Iranica,” Journal of Energy and Environment, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 189–196, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. H. Qiu, L. Lv, B.-C. Pan, Q.-J. Zhang, W.-M. Zhang, and Q.-X. Zhang, “Critical review in adsorption kinetic models,” Journal of Zhejiang University A, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 716–724, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. T. Nurmi, P. G. Tratnyek, V. Sarathy et al., “Characterization and properties of metallic iron nanoparticles: spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and kinetics,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1221–1230, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. Sun, X. Li, X. J. Cao, W. Zhang, and H. P. Wang, “Characterization of zero-valent iron nanoparticles,” Advance Colloid Interface Sciences, vol. 120, pp. 47–56, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. C. A. Christophi and L. Axe, “Competition of Cd, Cu, and Pb adsorption on goethite,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 66–74, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. U. Schwertman and R. M. Taylor, “Iron oxides,” in Minerals in Soil Environments, SSSA Book Series No. 1, pp. 379–427, Soil Science of America, Madison, Wis, USA, 2nd edition, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. Gotpagar, S. Lyuksyutov, R. Cohn, E. Grulke, and D. Bhattacharyya, “Reductive dehalogenation of trichloroethylene with zero-valent iron: surface profiling microscopy and rate enhancement studies,” Langmuir, vol. 15, no. 24, pp. 8412–8420, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Mohapatra, I. Mohapatra, P. Singh, S. Anand, and B. Mishra, “A comparative study of Pb (II) II, Cu II, Co II, Cd (II) adsorption from single and binary aqueous solution on additive assisted nano-structed goethite,” International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 89–103, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  32. M. Nadeem, M. Shabbir, M. A. Abdullah, S. S. Shah, and G. McKay, “Sorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by surfactant-modified carbon adsorbents,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 148, no. 2-3, pp. 365–370, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. E.-S. Z. El-Ashtoukhy, N. K. Amin, and O. Abdelwahab, “Removal of lead (II) and copper (II) from aqueous solution using pomegranate peel as a new adsorbent,” Desalination, vol. 223, no. 1–3, pp. 162–173, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. Pehlivan and T. Altun, “The study of various parameters affecting the ion exchange of Cu2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+ from aqueous solution on Dowex 50W synthetic resin,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 134, no. 1–3, pp. 149–156, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Saeed, M. W. Akhter, and M. Iqbal, “Removal and recovery of heavy metals from aqueous solution using papaya wood as a new biosorbent,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S.-F. Cheng and S.-C. Wu, “The enhancement methods for the degradation of TCE by zero-valent metals,” Chemosphere, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1263–1270, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. M. Benjamin and J. O. Leckie, “Multiple-site adsorption of Cd, Cu, Zn, and Pb on amorphous iron oxyhydroxide,” Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 209–221, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C.-B. Wang and W.-X. Zhang, “Synthesizing nanoscale iron particles for rapid and complete dechlorination of TCE and PCBs,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 2154–2156, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. H.-H. Strehblow, “Breakdown of passivity and localized corrosion: theoretical concepts and fundamental experimental results,” Werkstoffe und Korrosion, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 437–448, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. G. E. Boyd, A. W. Adamson, and L. S. Myers Jr., “The exchange adsorption of ions from aqueous solutions by organic zeolites. II. Kinetics,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 2836–2848, 1947. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. W. Meng, Study on a mathematical model in predicting breakthrough curves of fixed-bed Adsorption onto resin adsorbent [M.S. thesis], Nanjing University, Nanjing, China, 2005.
  42. O. Cooney, Adsorption Design for Wastewater Treatment, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1999.
  43. A. Wilczak and T. M. Keinath, “Kinetics of sorption and desorption of copper(II) and lead(II) on activated carbon,” Water Environment Research, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 238–244, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. N. Chiron, R. Guilet, and E. Deydier, “Adsorption of Cu(II) and Pb(II) onto a grafted silica: Isotherms and kinetic models,” Water Research, vol. 37, no. 13, pp. 3079–3086, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus