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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 291273, 7 pages
Research Article

Hydrothermal Synthesis and Hydrogen Sensing Properties of Nanostructured with Different Morphologies

1State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
2Key Laboratory of Multi-Scale Manufacturing Technology, Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, China

Received 20 February 2014; Revised 1 May 2014; Accepted 15 May 2014; Published 15 June 2014

Academic Editor: Wen Zeng

Copyright © 2014 Weigen Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In this work, nanoscale SnO2 with various geometrical morphologies, including pine needle-like, sphere-like, sheet-like, grape-like nanostructures, was prepared via a facile hydrothermal process. Microstructures and morphologies of all the as-synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Meanwhile, the specific surface areas of the as-prepared SnO2 nanostructures were determined by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. Gas sensors were fabricated and their gas sensing properties towards hydrogen were systematically investigated. The results indicate pine needle-like SnO2 structure exhibits exclusive better gas sensing performances to hydrogen than the other morphologies, which can be attributed to its novel shape with a large specific surface area. Such an unexpected morphology is a promising candidate for the use of SnO2 as a gas sensing material in future hydrogen sensor applications.