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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 415929, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/415929
Research Article

Evaluation of Osseointegration Ability of Porous Polyethylene Implant (Medpor) Treated with Chitosan

1School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea
2Department of Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, MRC Center, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea
3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea
4Department of Oral Microbiology, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea

Received 16 June 2014; Accepted 2 July 2014; Published 20 July 2014

Academic Editor: Seunghan Oh

Copyright © 2014 Kwang Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. We suggest a successful and simple Medpor treated way with chitosan and evaluate more improved osseointegration ability of it than the orignal. Materials and Methods. Medpor was punched into circular shape and dipped into the chitosan gel solution. The Medpor plates soaked with chitosan were identified by the SEM images. We evaluated the growth rate of MC3T3-E1 cell using Von Kossa staining and MTT assay as in vitro experiment. And we implanted both Medpor plates into skull of domestic rabbits for in vivo experiment. We evaluated the osseointegration result with an optical microscope in postoperative 3 weeks and 6 weeks histologically. Results. The in vitro MC3T3-E1 cell growth rate on Medpor soaking with chitosan was faster than the original one in both Von Kossa staining and MTT assay. In animal test, Medpor soaking with chitosan shows more pronounced new bone than original Medpor too. Conclusion. Medpor soaking with chitosan was a successful modification. It is believed that the upgraded osseointegration ability of Medpor soaking with chitosan gives many benefits to clinicians using a Medpor implant for oral and maxillofacial reconstruction surgery.