Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 545279, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/545279
Research Article

Effect of a Silver Nanoparticles Solution on Staphylococcus aureus and Candida spp.

1Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Araraquara Dental School, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Humaitá 1680, 14801-903 Araraquara, SP, Brazil
2Nanomedicine and Nanotoxicology Group, Physics Institute of São Carlos, University of São Paulo, 13566-590 São Carlos, SP, Brazil

Received 31 March 2014; Accepted 30 July 2014; Published 20 August 2014

Academic Editor: Miguel A. Correa-Duarte

Copyright © 2014 Amanda Fucci Wady et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Avila, D. M. Ojcius, and Ö. Yilmaz, “The oral microbiota: living with a permanent guest,” DNA and Cell Biology, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 405–411, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. T. Glass, R. S. Conrad, J. W. Bullard et al., “Evaluation of microbial flora found in previously worn prostheses from the Northeast and Southwest regions of the United States,” Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 384–389, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. Y. Tawara, K. Honma, and Y. Naito, “Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans on denture surfaces.,” The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 119–128, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Batabyal, G. K. R. Kundu, and S. Biswas, “Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a brief review,” International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 1, no. 17, pp. 65–71, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  5. B. W. Loster, J. Loster, A. Wieczorek, and W. Ryniewicz, “Mycological analysis of the oral cavity of patients using acrylic removable dentures,” Gastroenterology Research and Practice, vol. 2012, Article ID 951572, 9 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. J. Kothavade, M. M. Kura, A. G. Valand, and M. H. Panthaki, “Candida tropicalis: its prevalence, pathogenicity and increasing resistance to fluconazole,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 873–880, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Flevari, M. Theodorakopoulou, A. Velegraki, A. Armaganidis, and G. Dimopoulos, “Treatment of invasive candidiasis in the elderly: a review,” Journal of Clinical Interventions in Aging, vol. 8, pp. 1199–1208, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Kim and P. Sudbery, “Candida albicans, a major human fungal pathogen,” The Journal of Microbiology, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 171–177, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. L. Moretti, P. Trabasso, L. Lyra et al., “Is the incidence of candidemia caused by Candida glabrata increasing in Brazil? Five-year surveillance of Candida bloodstream infection in a university reference hospital in Southeast Brazil,” Medical Mycology, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 225–230, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. A. Klotz, B. S. Chasin, B. Powell, N. K. Gaur, and P. N. Lipke, “Polymicrobial bloodstream infections involving Candida species: analysis of patients and review of the literature,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 401–406, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. M. Harriott and M. C. Noverr, “Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus form polymicrobial biofilms: effects on antimicrobial resistance,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 3914–3922, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. E. Cosgrove, G. Sakoulas, E. N. Perencevich, M. J. Schwaber, A. W. Karchmer, and Y. Carmeli, “Comparison of mortality associated with methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: a meta-analysis,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 53–59, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. O. Gasch, M. Camoez, M. A. Dominguez et al., “Predictive factors for mortality in patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection: impact on outcome of host, microorganism and therapy,” Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1049–1057, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Y. Pelgrift and A. J. Friedman, “Nanotechnology as a therapeutic tool to combat microbial resistance,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, vol. 65, no. 13-14, pp. 1803–1815, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. I. Sondi and B. Salopek-Sondi, “Silver nanoparticles as antimicrobial agent: a case study on E. coli as a model for Gram-negative bacteria,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 275, no. 1, pp. 177–182, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. R. Morones, J. L. Elechiguerra Jr., A. Camacho et al., “The bacterial effect of silver nanoparticles,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2346–2353, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  17. A. Panáček, L. Kvítek, R. Prucek et al., “Silver colloid nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, and their antibacterial activity,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 110, no. 33, pp. 16248–16253, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. J. S. Kim, E. Kuk, K. N. Yu et al., “Antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles,” Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 95–101, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. O. Choi, K. K. Deng, N. Kim, L. Ross Jr., R. Y. Surampalli, and Z. Hu, “The inhibitory effects of silver nanoparticles, silver ions, and silver chloride colloids on microbial growth,” Water Research, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 3066–3074, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Panáček, M. Kolár, R. Vecerová et al., “Antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles against Candida spp,” Biomaterials, vol. 30, no. 31, pp. 6333–6340, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. S. Silva, P. Pires, D. R. Monteiro et al., “The effect of silver nanoparticles and nystatin on mixed biofilms of Candida glabrata and Candida albicans on acrylic,” Medical Mycology, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 178–184, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Martinez-Gutierrez, L. Boegli, A. Agostinho et al., “Anti-biofilm activity of silver nanoparticles against different microorganisms,” Biofouling, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 651–660, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. F. Wady, A. L. Machado, V. Zucolotto, C. A. Zamperini, E. Berni, and C. E. Vergani, “Evaluation of Candida albicans adhesion and biofilm formation on a denture base acrylic resin containing silver nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 1163–1172, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. CLSI, “Reference Method for Broth Dilution Antifungal Susceptibility Testing of Yeasts; Approved Standard, 3rd ed,” CLSI Document M27-A3, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, Wayne, Pa, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  25. C. Lok, C. Ho, R. Chen et al., “Silver nanoparticles: partial oxidation and antibacterial activities,” Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 527–534, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Pal, Y. K. Tak, and J. M. Song, “Does the antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles depend on the shape of the nanoparticle? A study of the gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 1712–1720, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. O. Choi and Z. Hu, “Size dependent and reactive oxygen species related nanosilver toxicity to nitrifying bacteria,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 4583–4588, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. Pencheva, R. Bryaskova, and T. Kantardjiev, “Polyvinyl alcohol/silver nanoparticles (PVA/AgNps) as a model for testing the biological activity of hybrid materials with included silver nanoparticles,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 2048–2051, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. K. Khanna, N. Singh, S. Charan, V. V. V. S. Subbarao, R. Gokhale, and U. P. Mulik, “Synthesis and characterization of Ag/PVA nanocomposite by chemical reduction method,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 117–121, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Eckhardt, P. S. Brunetto, J. Gagnon, M. Priebe, B. Giese, and K. M. Fromm, “Nanobio silver: its interactions with peptides and bacteria, and its uses in medicine,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 113, no. 7, pp. 4708–4754, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. W. J. De Groot, E. A. Kraneveld, Y. Y. Qing et al., “The cell wall of the human pathogen Candida glabrata: differential incorporation of novel adhesin-like wall proteins,” Eukaryotic Cell, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1951–1964, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Dornelas-Ribeiro, E. O. Pinheiro, C. Guerra et al., “Cellular characterisation of Candida tropicalis presenting fluconazole-related trailing growth,” Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 31–38, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. F. C. Bizerra, A. S. A. Melo, E. Katchburian et al., “Changes in cell wall synthesis and ultrastructure during paradoxical growth effect of caspofungin on four different candida species,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 302–310, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. C. Weidenmaier and A. Peschel, “Teichoic acids and related cell-wall glycopolymers in Gram-positive physiology and host interactions,” Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 276–287, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. T. J. Silhavy, D. Kahne, and S. Walker, “The bacterial cell envelope,” Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, vol. 2, no. 5, Article ID a000414, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Silva, M. Negri, M. Henriques, R. Oliveira, D. W. Williams, and J. Azeredo, “Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis and Candida tropicalis: biology, epidemiology, pathogenicity and antifungal resistance,” FEMS Microbiology Reviews, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 288–305, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. D. R. Monteiro, L. F. Gorup, S. Silva et al., “Silver colloidal nanoparticles: antifungal effect against adhered cells and biofilms of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata,” Biofouling, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 711–719, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. C. B. P. Costa, C. A. Pereira, F. Freire, J. C. Junqueira, and A. O. C. Jorge, “Methods for obtaining reliable and reproducible results in studies of Candida biofilms formed in vitro,” Mycoses, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 614–622, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. Silva, M. Henriques, A. Martins, R. Oliveira, D. Williams, and J. Azeredo, “Biofilms of non-Candida albicans Candida species: quantification, structure and matrix composition,” Medical Mycology, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 681–689, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. A. Al-Fattani and L. J. Douglas, “Biofilm matrix of Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis: chemical composition and role in drug resistance,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 999–1008, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. B. R. Boles and A. R. Horswill, “Staphylococcal biofilm disassembly,” Trends in Microbiology, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 449–455, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus