Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 632501, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/632501
Research Article

Macroscopic Ensembles of Aligned Carbon Nanotubes in Bubble Imprints Studied by Polarized Raman Microscopy

1Department of Applied Physics, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
3NanoJapan Program, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
4Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
5Department of Engineering Science, The University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan

Received 25 April 2014; Accepted 3 June 2014; Published 4 September 2014

Academic Editor: Shota Kuwahara

Copyright © 2014 Shota Ushiba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Krishnan, E. Dujardin, T. W. Ebbesen, P. N. Yianilos, and M. M. J. Treacy, “Young's modulus of single-walled nanotubes,” Physical Review B, vol. 58, no. 20, pp. 14013–14019, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. J. Tans, M. H. Devoret, H. Dai et al., “Individual single-wall carbon nanotubes as quantum wires,” Nature, vol. 386, no. 3, pp. 474–477, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Hone, B. Batlogg, Z. Benes, A. T. Johnson, and J. E. Fischer, “Quantized phonon spectrum of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5485, pp. 1730–1733, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5602, pp. 2361–2366, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. He and T. Ren, “Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions,” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, article 1874, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. X. He, X. Wang, S. Nanot et al., “Photothermoelectric p-n junction photodetector with intrinsic broadband polarimetry based on macroscopic carbon nanotube films,” ACS Nano, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 7271–7277, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Shoji, H. Suzuki, R. P. Zaccaria, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, “Optical polarizer made of uniaxially aligned short single-wall carbon nanotubes embedded in a polymer film,” Physical Review B—Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 77, no. 15, Article ID 153407, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Ren, C. L. Pint, L. G. Booshehri et al., “Carbon nanotube terahertz polarizer,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 2610–2613, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. V. Ahir and E. M. Terentjev, “Photomechanical actuation in polymer-nanotube composites,” Nature Materials, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 491–495, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Ci, J. Suhr, V. Pushparaj, X. Zhang, and P. M. Ajayan, “Continuous carbon nanotube reinforced composites,” Nano Letters, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 2762–2766, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Ushiba, S. Shoji, K. Masui, P. Kuray, J. Kono, and S. Kawata, “3D microfabrication of single-wall carbon nanotube/polymer composites by two-photon polymerization lithography,” Carbon, vol. 59, pp. 283–288, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Ding, D. Yuan, and J. Liu, “Growth of high-density parallel arrays of long single-walled carbon nanotubes on quartz substrates,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 130, no. 16, pp. 5428–5429, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. W. Z. Li, S. S. Xie, L. X. Qian et al., “Large-scale synthesis of aligned carbon nanotubes,” Science, vol. 274, no. 5293, pp. 1701–1703, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. Jin, C. Bower, and O. Zhou, “Alignment of carbon nanotubes in a polymer matrix by mechanical stretching,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 1197–1199, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Park, J. Wilkinson, S. Banda et al., “Aligned single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites using an electric field,” Journal of Polymer Science B: Polymer Physics, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1751–1762, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. E. Fischer, W. Zhou, J. Vavro et al., “Magnetically aligned single wall carbon nanotube films: preferred orientation and anisotropic transport properties,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 2157–2163, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. Yu, A. Cao, and C. M. Lieber, “Large-area blown bubble films of aligned nanowires and carbon nanotubes,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 372–377, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Tang, X. Zhang, S. Yang, V. Derycke, and J. Benattar, “New confinement method for the formation of highly aligned and densely packed single-walled carbon nanotube monolayers,” Small, vol. 6, no. 14, pp. 1488–1491, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Mino, Y. Saito, H. Yoshida, S. Kawata, and P. Verma, “Molecular orientation analysis of organic thin films by z-polarization Raman microscope,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 2029–2034, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Purvis and D. I. Bower, “A study of molecular orientation in poly(methyl methacrylate) by means of laser-Raman spectroscopy,” Polymer, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 645–654, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Richard-Lacroix and C. Pellerin, “Orientation and structure of single electrospun nanofibers of poly (ethylene terephthalate) by confocal Raman spectroscopy,” Macromolecules, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1946–1953, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Shaver, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, S. Hansel et al., “Alignment dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes in pulsed ultrahigh magnetic fields,” ACS Nano, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 131–138, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. Liu and S. Kumar, “Quantitative characterization of SWNT orientation by polarized Raman spectroscopy,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 378, no. 3-4, pp. 257–262, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. Sharma, C. Y. Lee, J. H. Choi, K. Chen, and M. S. Strano, “Nanometer positioning, parallel alignment, and placement of single anisotropic nanoparticles using hydrodynamic forces in cylindrical droplets,” Nano Letters, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 2693–2700, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus