Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 635609, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/635609
Research Article

CLSVOF Method to Study the Formation Process of Taylor Cone in Crater-Like Electrospinning of Nanofibers

1Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Composites, Ministry of Education of China, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 399 West Binshui Road, Tianjin 300387, China
2School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 399 West Binshui Road, Tianjin 300387, China
3School of Science, Tianjin Polytechnic University, 399 West Binshui Road, Tianjin 300387, China
4Department of Textiles, Zhejiang Fashion Institute of Technology, No. 495 Fenghua Road, Ningbo, Zhejiang 31521, China

Received 24 February 2014; Revised 3 May 2014; Accepted 5 May 2014; Published 11 June 2014

Academic Editor: Aihua He

Copyright © 2014 Yong Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Nie, A. He, W. Wu et al., “Effect of poly(ethylene oxide) with different molecular weights on the electrospinnability of sodium alginate,” Polymer, vol. 50, no. 20, pp. 4926–4934, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Liu, C. D. Ertley, and D. H. Reneker, “Interpretation and use of glints from an electrospinning jet of polymer solutions,” Polymer, vol. 53, no. 19, pp. 4241–4253, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. X. Wang, B. Ding, and B. Li, “Biomimetic electrospun nanofibrous structures of electrospun nanofibers for tissue engineering,” Materials Today, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 229–241, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. H. He, Y. Liu, L. F. Mo, Y. Q. Wan, and L. Xu, Electrospun Nanofibres and Their Applications, Smithers Rapra Technology, Shropshire, UK, 2008.
  5. Y. Liu, J.-H. He, J.-Y. Yu, and H.-M. Zeng, “Controlling numbers and sizes of beads in electrospun nanofibers,” Polymer International, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 632–636, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Nie, J. Li, A. He, S. Xu, Q. Jiang, and C. C. Han, “Carrier system of chemical drugs and isotope from gelatin electrospun nanofibrous membranes,” Biomacromolecules, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 2190–2194, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Si, X. Tang, J. Ge et al., “In-situ synthesis of flexible magnetic γ-Fe2O3@SiO2 nanofibrous membranes,” Nanoscale, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2102–2105, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  8. Y. Si, X. Wang, Y. Li et al., “Label-free colorimetric detection of mercury (II) in aqueous media using hierarchical nanostructured conjugated polymers,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 645–652, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Wang, S. Guan, A. Sato et al., “Nanofibrous microfiltration membranes capable of removing bacteria, viruses and heavy metal ions,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 446, no. 1, pp. 376–382, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  10. Y. Liu, R. Wang, H. Ma, B. S. Hsiao, and B. Chu, “High-flux microfiltration filters based on electrospun polyvinylalcohol nanofibrous membranes,” Polymer, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 548–556, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. L. Yarin and E. Zussman, “Upward needleless electrospinning of multiple nanofibers,” Polymer, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 2977–2980, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Cengiz-Çallioǧlu, O. Jirsak, and M. Dayik, “Investigation into the relationships between independent and dependent parameters in roller electrospinning of polyurethane,” Textile Research Journal, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 718–729, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. X. Wang, H. Niu, X. Wang, and T. Lin, “Needleless electrospinning of uniform nanofibers using spiral coil spinnerets,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, Article ID 785920, 9 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. S. Varabhas, G. G. Chase, and D. H. Reneker, “Electrospun nanofibers from a porous hollow tube,” Polymer, vol. 49, no. 19, pp. 4226–4229, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. Liu and J.-H. He, “Bubble electrospinning for mass production of nanofibers,” International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 393–396, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Liu, L. Dong, J. Fan, R. Wang, and J.-Y. Yu, “Effect of applied voltage on diameter and morphology of ultrafine fibers in bubble electrospinning,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 592–598, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Liu, W. Liang, W. Shou, Y. Su, and R. Wang, “Effect of temperatureon the crater-like electrospinning process,” Heat Transfer Research, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 447–454, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  18. Y.-Y. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Liang, M. Ma, and R. Wang, “Fabrication of nanofibers via Crater-like electrospinning,” Advanced Materials Research, vol. 332–334, pp. 1257–1260, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Liu, Y.-Y. Wang, W.-M. Kang, R. Wang, and B.-W. Cheng, “Crater-like electrospinning of PVA nanofibers, part 1, effect of processing parameters on the morphology of nanofibers,” Advanced Science Letters, vol. 10, pp. 624–627, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Liu, Y.-Y. Wang, W.-M. Kang, R. Wang, and B.-W. Cheng, “Crater-like electrospinning of PVA nanofibers, part 2, minimizing the diameter of nanofibers using response surface methodology,” Advanced Science Letters, vol. 10, pp. 593–596, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Y. Liu, J. Li, Y. Tian, J. Liu, and J. Fan, “Multi-physics coupled FEM method to simulate the formation of Crater-like Taylor cone in electrospinning of nanofibers,” Journal of Nano Research, vol. 27, pp. 153–162, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  22. G. Tryggvason, B. Bunner, A. Esmaeeli et al., “A front-tracking method for the computations of multiphase flow,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 169, no. 2, pp. 708–759, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. E. Welch, F. H. Harlow, J. P. Shannon, and B. J. Daly, “The MAC Method: a computing technique for solving viscous incompressible transient fluid flow problems involving free surfaces,” Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory Report, Los Alamos, NM, USA, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  24. C. W. Hirt and B. D. Nichols, “Volume of fluid (VOF) method for the dynamics of free boundaries,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 201–225, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Osher and J. A. Sethian, “Fronts propagating with curvature-dependent speed: algorithms based on Hamilton-Jacobi formulations,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 12–49, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Ray, G. Biswas, A. Sharma, and S. W. J. Welch, “CLSVOF method to study consecutive drop impact on liquid pool,” International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 143–158, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. L. Sun and W. Q. Tao, “A coupled volume-of-fluid and level set (VOSET) method for computing incompressible two-phase flows,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 645–655, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. Scardovelli and S. Zaleski, “Direct numerical simulation of free-surface and interfacial flow,” Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 31, pp. 567–603, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Z. Wang, Numerical study on capillarity- dominant free surface and interfacial flows [Ph.D. thesis], The University of Texas, Arlington, Va, USA, 2006.
  30. M. Sussman, P. Smereka, and S. Osher, “A level set approach for computing solutions to incompressible two-phase flow,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 146–159, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Son, “Efficient implementation of a coupled level-set and volume-of-fluid method for three-dimensional incompressible two-phase flows,” Numerical Heat Transfer, B: Fundamentals, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 549–565, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Sussman and E. G. Puckett, “A coupled level set and volume-of-fluid method for computing 3D and axisymmetric incompressible two-phase flows,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 162, no. 2, pp. 301–337, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Son and N. Hur, “A coupled level set and volume-of-fluid method for the buoyancy-driven motion of fluid particles,” Numerical Heat Transfer, B: Fundamentals, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 523–542, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus